To Our Forefathers Yisrael

1 The burden of Ninveh. The scroll of the vision of Nachum the Elkoshite.

2 El is zealous and YHUH revenges;YHUH revenges and is furious;YHUH will take vengeance on His adversaries and He reserves wrath for His enemies.

3 YHUH is slow to anger and great in Power and will not acquit the wicked:YHUH has His derech in the whirlwind and in the storm and the clouds are the dust of His feet.

4 He rebukes the sea and makes it dry and dries up all the rivers: Bashan withers and Carmel too and the flower of Levanon withers.

5 The mountains quake at Him and the hills melt and the earth is burned at His presence, yes, the olam and all that dwell in it.

6 Who can stand before His indignation? And who can survive the fierceness of His anger? His fury is poured out like fire and the rocks are thrown down by Him.

7 YHUH is tov, a stronghold in the yom of trouble; and He knows those that trust in Him.

8 But with an overrunning flood He will make an utter end of the place of Ninveh and darkness shall pursue His enemies.

9 What do you imagine against YHUH ? He will make an utter end of it: affliction shall not rise up the second time.

10 For while they are entangled as thorns and while they are drunk as drunkards, they shall be devoured as fully dry stubble.

11 There is one come out of you, that imagines evil against YHUH, a wicked counselor.

12 This says YHUH: Though they be quiet and likewise many, yet they shall be cut down, when he shall pass away. Though I have afflicted you, I will afflict you no more.

13 For now will I break his yoke from off you and will burst your chains asunder.

14 And YHUH has given a commandment concerning you, that no more of your name be sown: out of the bayit of your ahlahim will I cut off the graven image and the molten image: I will appoint your grave; for you are vile.

15 Behold upon the mountains the feet of Him that brings tov tidings, that publishes shalom! O Yahudah, observe your moadeem, perform your vows: for Beliyaal shall no more pass through you; he is utterly cut off.

2 He that dashes in pieces is come up before your face: guard the roads, watch the derech, make your loins strong and fortify your power mightily.

2 For YHUH will restore the excellency of Yaakov, as the excellency of Yisrael: for the oppressors have trampled on them and destroyed their vine branches.

3 The shield of his mighty men is made red, the valiant men are in scarlet: the mirkavot shall be with flaming torches in the yom of his preparation and the horsemen shall be terribly shaken.

4 The mirkavot shall rage in the streets, they shall rush one another in the broad derachot: they shall seem like flaming torches, they shall run like lightning.

5 He shall remember his nobles: they shall stumble in their walk; they shall hurry to the wall and the defense shall be prepared.

6 The gates of the rivers shall be opened and the palace shall be dissolved.

7 And Huzzav the malka shall be led away captive northward, she shall be brought up and her female avadim, beating on their breasts, mourning in their levavot like doves.

8 But Ninveh of old was like a pool of mayim: but now flee away. Stop, stop, shall they cry; but none shall look back.

9 Plunder the spoil of silver, take the spoil of gold: for there is no limit to the treasure, the wealth of all the precious objects.

10 She is empty and void and wasted: and the lev melts and the knees shake together and much pain is in all loins and the faces of them all gather blackness in shame.

11 Where is the dwelling of the lions and the feeding place of the young lions, where the lion, even the old lion, walked and the lion’s cub and none made them afraid?

12 The lion did tear in pieces enough for his cubs and strangled for his lionesses and filled his holes with prey and his dens with flesh.

13 Behold, I YHUH AM against you, says YHUH Tzevaot and I will burn her mirkavot in the smoke and the sword shall devour your young lions: and I will cut off your prey from the earth and the voice of your messengers and your deeds shall no more be heard.

3 Woe to the bloody city! It is all full of lies and robbery; the plunder in it cannot be estimated;

2 The noise of a whip and the noise of the rattling of the wheels and of the snorting horses and of the jumping mirkavot.

3 The horseman lifts up both the bright sword and the glittering spear: and there is a multitude of slain and a great number of bodies; and there is no end of their bodies; they stumble upon their bodies:

4 Because of the multitude of her whoring of the well-favored harlot, the mistress of witchcrafts, that brings and trains up all goyim through her whoring and mishpachot through her witchcrafts.

5 Behold, I YHUH AM against you, says YHUH Tzevaot; and I will lift up your skirts upon your face and I will show the goyim your nakedness and the malchutim your shame.

6 And I will cast abominable filth upon you and make you as a fool and will set you as a spectacle.

7 And it shall come to pass, that all they that look upon you shall flee from you and say, Ninveh is laid waste: who will wail for her? Where shall I seek comforters for you?

8 Are you better than Yawan of Ammon? Which was situated among the rivers, that had the mayim all around it, whose rampart was the sea and her wall was mayim?

9 Ethiopia and Mitzrayim were her strength and it was unlimited; Put and Luvim were your helpers.

10 Yet was she carried away, she went into captivity: her young children also were dashed in pieces at the top of all the streets: and they cast lots for her honorable men and all her great men were bound in chains.

11 You also shall be drunk: you shall be in hiding; you also shall seek strength because of the enemy.

12 All your strongholds shall be like fig eytzim with the ripened figs: if they are shaken, they shall even fall into the mouth of the eater.

13 Behold, your people in the midst of you are women: the gates of your land shall be set wide open to your enemies: the fire shall devour your bars.

14 Draw mayim for the siege, fortify your strongholds: mix the clay and tread the mortar, make strong the foundations.

15 There shall the fire devour you; the sword shall cut you off, it shall eat you up like the locust: because you have become many like the crawling locust and multiplied like the swarming locusts.

16 You have multiplied your merchants above the cochavim of the shamayim: the locust spoils you and flies away.

17 Your officials are like the locusts and your captains as the great grasshoppers, which settle in the hedges in the cold yom, but when the shemesh arises they flee away and the place where they are going is not known.

18 Your shepherds slumber, O melech of Ashshur: your nobles shall dwell in the dust: your people are scattered upon the mountains and no man gathers them.

19 There is no healing of your injury; your wound is grievous: all that hear the news shall clap their hands over you: for your wickedness has gone forth against every man continually. Ahmein. X


  • 1:1 A native, or descendant of Elkosh, a place not known but most likely not a biological Yisraelite who became Israel by choice.

  • 1:13 Speaking of Assyria.

  • 1:15 Assyria would no longer hassle Judah after they captured Efrayim. They would soon be captured by Babylon.

  • 2:2 Unlike Assyria, Israel will in fact be restored.

  • 3:15 Efrayim taken captive in Assyria began to multiply rapidly and were referred to as “swarming locusts.”

  • 3:17 Aramaic Peshitta has “Nazarites” – which, if accurate, makes a clear case for Efraimites who maintained Nazarite vows even in captivity in Assyria.

  • 3:17 No one knows for sure where most Assyrians went.

  • 3:19 Unlike Israel, Assyria will never be gathered together, or restored to world domination as a nation, or empire.