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To Our Forefathers Yisrael
1 The Word of YHUH that came to Husha, the son of Be-Eri, in the yamim of Uziyahu, Yotam, Achaz and Hizqiyahu, melechim of Yahudah and in the yamim of Yahravam the son of Yoash, melech of Yisrael.
2 The beginning of the Words of YHUH through Husha. And YHUH said to Husha, Go, take an isha of whoring and children of whoring: for the land has committed great whoring by departing from YHUH.
3 So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Divlayim; who conceived and bore him a son.
4 And YHUH said to him, Call his name Yizre-El; for yet a little while and I will avenge the dahm of Yizre-El upon Beit Yahu and will cause the malchut to cease from Beit Yisrael.
5 And it shall come to pass at that yom, that I will break the bow of Yisrael, in the valley of Yizre-El.
6 And she conceived again and bore a daughter. And Ahlohim said to him, Call her name Lo-Ruchamah: for I will no more have rachamim upon Beit Yisrael; but I will utterly take them away.
7 But I will have rachamim upon Beit Yahudah, and will save them by YHUH their Ahlohim and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.
8 Now when she had weaned Lo-Ruchamah, she conceived and bore a son.
9 Then said Ahlohim, Call his name Lo-Ami: for you are not My people and I will not be your Ahlohim.
10 Yet the full number of the children of Yisrael shall be as the sand of the sea, that cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said to them, You are not My people-Lo Ami, there it shall be said to them, You are the sons of the living El, B’nai Ahlohim.
11 Then shall the children of Yahudah and the children of Yisrael be gathered together, and appoint for themselves One Head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be Yom Yizre-El.
2 Say to your brothers, Oy My People-Ami! And to your sisters, Oy compassioned one-ruchamah!
2 Plead with your emma, plead: for she is not My isha, neither am I her Husband: let her therefore put away her whoring out of her sight and her adulteries from between her breasts;
3 Lest I strip her naked and make her as in the yom that she was born and make her as a wilderness and set her like a dry land and kill her with thirst.
4 And I will not have rachamim upon her children; for they are the children of whoring.
5 For their emma has played the whore: she that conceived them has done shamefully: for she said, I will run after my lovers, that give me my lechem and my mayim, my wool and my linen, my oil and my drink.
6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up your derech with thorns and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.
7 And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and make teshuvah to my first Husband; for then was it better with me than now.
8 For she did not know that I gave her grain and wine and oil and multiplied her silver and gold, which she prepared for Ba’al.
9 Therefore will I turn from her and take away My grain in its season and My wine in the season and will recover My wool and My linen given to cover her for her nakedness.
10 And now will I uncover her shame in the sight of her lovers and none shall deliver her out of My hand.
11 I will also cause all her gilah to cease, her chagim, her Chodashim and her Shabbats and all her moadeem.
12 And I will destroy her vines and her fig eytzim, of which she has said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest and the beasts of the field shall eat them.
13 And I will visit upon her the yamim of the Ba’alim, in which she burned incense to them and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels and she went after her lovers and forgot Me, says YHUH.
14 Therefore, behold, I will lead her and bring her into the wilderness and speak comfortably to her.
15 And I will give her vineyards from there and the Valley of Achor for a Door of Tikvah: and she shall sing there, as in the yamim of her youth and as in the yom when she came up out of the land of Mitzrayim.
16 And it shall be in that yom, says YHUH, that you shall call Me Ishi-My Husband; and shall no more call Me Baali-my lord.
17 For I will take away the names of Ba’alim out of her mouth and they shall no more be remembered by their names.
18 And in that yom will I make a brit for them with the beasts of the field and with the fowls of the shamayim and with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth and will make them to lie down safely.
19 And I will take you to Me le-olam-va-ed; I will take you back to Me in right standing and in mishpat and in loving chesed and in rachamim.
20 I will take you to Me as a bride in faithfulness: and you shall know YHUH.
21 And it shall come to pass in that yom, I will hear, says YHUH, I will hear in the shamayim and they shall hear in the earth;
22 And the earth shall answer with the grain and the wine and the oil; and they shall answer Yizre-El.
23 And I will sow her for Myself in the earth; and I will have ruchamah upon her that had not obtained ruchamah; and I will say to them who were not My people, Lo-Ami, You are My people-Ami; and they shall say, You are my Ahlohim.
3 Then said YHUH to me, Go again, love a woman beloved of her chaver, yet an adulteress, according to the ahava of YHUH towards the children of Yisrael, who look to other ahlahim and love their raisin cakes.
2 So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, for one and a half homers of barley:
3 And I said to her, You shall abide with me many yamim; you shall not play the whore and you shall not be given to another man: so will I also be towards you.
4 For the children of Yisrael shall abide many yamim without a melech, and without a sar and without a sacrifice, and without an altar, and without a shoulder garment, and burning of incense:
5 Afterwards shall the children of Yisrael make teshuvah, and seek YHUH their Ahlohim and Dawid their Melech; and shall come with fear to YHUH and His abundant tov in the yamim acharonim.
4 Hear The Word of YHUH, you children of Yisrael: for YHUH has a controversy with the inhabitants of the land because there is no emet, no rachamim, nor da’at of Ahlohim in the land.
2 By swearing and lying and killing and stealing and committing adultery, they break out and bloodshed follows bloodshed.
3 Therefore shall the land mourn and every one that dwells in it shall languish, with the beasts of the field and with the fowls of the shamayim; yes, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.
4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for your people are engaged in controversy like those striving with a kohen.
5 Therefore shall you fall in the yom and the navi also shall fall with you in the lyla and I will destroy your emma.
6 My people are destroyed for lack of da’at: because you have rejected da’at, I will also reject you, that you shall not be a kohen to Me: seeing you have forgotten the Torah of your Ahlohim, I will also forget your children.
7 As they were increased, so they sinned against Me: therefore will I change their tifereth into shame.
8 They feed upon the sin of My people and they set their lev on their iniquity.
9 And it shall be, like people, like kohen: and I will punish them both for their halachot and reward all their doings.
10 For they shall eat and not have enough: they shall commit whoring and shall not increase: because they have stopped obeying YHUH.
11 Whoring and new wine take away their lev.
12 My people ask counsel of their own imaginations and their blind man’s staff leads them: for the ruach of whoring has caused them to go astray and they have gone whoring away from their Ahlohim.
13 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms because their shadow is tov: therefore your daughters shall commit whoring and your spouses shall commit adultery.
14 I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoring, or your spouses when they commit adultery: for the men themselves are separated with whores and they sacrifice with cult prostitutes: a people that does not understand shall fall.
15 Though you, Yisrael, played the whore, yet let not Yahudah become guilty also; and go not to Gilgal, neither go up to Beth-Aven, nor swear by an oath saying, As YHUH lives.
16 For Yisrael is stubborn like a backslidden heifer: now shall YHUH feed them like a lamb in a large place?
17 Efrayim is joined to idols: leave him alone.
18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoring continually: her rulers widely love shame.
19 The wind has bound her up in her wings, and they shall yet be ashamed because of their sacrifices.
5 Shema to this, O kohanim; and pay attention, Beit Yisrael; and give ear, O bayit of the melech; for mishpat is coming to you because you have been a trap to Mitzpah and a net spread over Tavor.
2 And the rebel hunters have deepened their slaughter, so I will chastise them all.
3 I know Efrayim and Yisrael is not hidden from Me: but now, O Efrayim, you commit whoring and Yisrael is defiled.
4 They will not change their doings to make teshuvah to their Ahlohim: for the ruach of whoring is in the midst of them and they have not known YHUH.
5 And the pride of Yisrael does testify to Ahlohim ’s face: therefore shall Yisrael and Efrayim fall in their iniquity: Yahudah also shall fall with them.
6 They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek YHUH; but they shall not find Him; He has withdrawn Himself from them.
7 They have acted treacherously against YHUH: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a chodesh devour them with their portions.
8 Blow the shofar in Givat and the shofar in Ramah: cry aloud at Beth-Aven, behind you, O Benyamin.
9 Efrayim shall be desolate in the yom of rebuke: among the tribes of Yisrael have I made known that which shall surely be.
10 The leaders of Yahudah were like those that remove a border: therefore I will pour out My wrath upon them like mayim.
11 Efrayim is oppressed and broken in My mishpat because he willingly walked after Tsaw.
12 Therefore will I be to Efrayim as a moth, and to Beit Yahudah as rottenness.
13 When Efrayim saw his sickness and Yahudah saw his wound, then Efrayim went to the Ashurite and sent to Melech Yarev: yet he could not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
14 For I will be to Efrayim as a lion and as a young lion to Beit Yahudah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue them.
15 I will go and return to My place, until they acknowledge their offence and seek My face: in their affliction they will seek Me very early.
6 Come and let us make teshuvah to YHUH: for He has torn and He will heal us; He has smitten and He will bind us up.
2 After two yamim will He revive us: on the third yom He will raise us up, and we shall live in His sight.
3 Then shall we know, how to follow forward to know YHUH: His going forth is prepared as the boker; and He shall come to us as the rain, as the malchut-rain and the teaching-rain upon the earth.
4 O Efrayim, what shall I do to you? O Yahudah, what shall I do to you? For your attempts to be tov before Me is as a boker cloud and as the early dew it goes away.
5 Therefore have I cut at them by the neviim; I have slain them by the Words of My mouth: and My mishpatim are as the ohr that goes forth.
6 For I desired rachamim and not sacrifice; and the da’at of Ahlohim more than burnt offerings.
7 But like Ahdahm they have transgressed the brit: there have they dealt treacherously against Me.
8 Gilad is a city of theirs that works iniquity and is polluted with dahm.
9 And as groups of robbers wait for a man, so the company of kohanim murder on the derech to Shechem: for they commit wickedness.
10 I have seen a horrible thing in Beit Yisrael; there are the whoring of Efrayim, Yisrael is defiled.
11 Also, O Yahudah, He has appointed a harvest for you, when I return the captivity of My people.
7 When I would have healed Yisrael, then the iniquity of Efrayim was revealed and the wickedness of Shomron: for they commit falsehood; and the thief comes in and the band of robbers raids outside.
2 And they consider not in their levavot that I remember all their wickedness: now their own doings have surrounded them; they are before My face.
3 They make the melech have gilah with their wickedness and the rulers with their lies.
4 They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, who ceases stirring the fire after he has kneaded the dough, until it be leavened.
5 In the yom of our melech the rulers have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand to the scorners.
6 For they have made ready their lev like an oven, while they lie in wait: their baker-anger sleeps all lyla; in the boker it burns as a flaming fire.
7 They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their shophtim; all their melechim are fallen: there is none among them that calls to Me.
8 Efrayim, has mixed himself among the peoples; Efrayim is a half-baked cake not turned.
9 Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knows it not: yes, gray hairs are upon him, yet he knows it not.
10 And the Excellence of Yisrael testifies to his face: but they do not make teshuvah to YHUH their Ahlohim, nor do they seek Him for all this.
11 Efrayim also is like a silly dove without lev: they call to Mitzrayim, they go to Ashshur.
12 When they go, I will spread My net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the shamayim; I will chastise them, as their assembly has heard.
13 Woe to them! For they have strayed far from Me: destruction to them! Because they have transgressed against Me: though I have redeemed them, yet they have spoken lies
against and about Me.
14 And they have not cried to Me with their lev, when they wailed upon their beds: they assemble themselves for grain and wine and they rebel against Me.
15 Though I have disciplined and strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against Me.
16 They make teshuvah, but not to El-Elyon: they are like a deceitful bow: their rulers shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land of Mitzrayim.
8 Set the shofar to your mouth. The enemy shall come as an eagle against the Bayit of YHUH, because they have transgressed My brit, and trespassed against My Torah.
2 Yisrael shall cry to Me, My Ahlohim, we know You.
3 Yisrael has cast off what is tov: the enemy shall pursue him.
4 They have set up melechim, but not by Me: they have made rulers and I knew it not: from their silver and their gold have they made for themselves idols, that they may be cut off.
5 Your golden calf, O Shomron, has been cast off; My anger is lit against them: how long will it be before they can be declared innocent?
6 For from Yisrael was it made: the workman made it; therefore it cannot be Ahlohim: but the calf of Shomron shall be broken in pieces.
7 For they have sown the wind and they shall reap the whirlwind: the stalk has no bud, it shall yield no grain: if it does yield, the gerim shall swallow it up.
8 Yisrael is swallowed up: now shall they be among all the goyim as a vessel in which is no pleasure.
9 For they have gone up to Ashshur, a wild donkey alone by himself: Efrayim has hired lovers.
10 Yes, though they have sold themselves to idols among the goyim, now will I gather them, after they have suffered a little from the burden of a melech and rulers.
11 Because Efrayim has made many altars for sin, the altars shall be counted to him as sin.
12 I have written to him the great and numerous things from My Torah, but they were counted as a strange thing.
13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of My offerings and eat it; but YHUH accepts them not; now He will remember their iniquity and visit their sins: they shall return to Mitzrayim.
14 For Yisrael has forgotten his Maker and built palaces; and Yahudah has multiplied fortified cities: but I will send a fire upon its cities and it shall devour its palaces.
9 Do not gilah, O Yisrael, with simcha, as other peoples: for you have gone whoring from your Ahlohim, you have loved a reward upon every threshing floor.
2 The floor and the winepress shall not feed them and the new wine shall fail in her.
3 They shall not dwell in YHUH’s land; but Efrayim shall return to Mitzrayim and they shall eat unclean things in Ashshur.
4 They shall not offer wine offerings to YHUH, neither shall they be pleasing to Him: their sacrifices shall be to them as the lechem of mourners; all that eat it shall be polluted: for their lechem for their being shall not come into the Bayit of YHUH.
5 What will you do in the solemn yom and in the yom of the moadeem of YHUH ?
6 For, see, they shall soon go because of destruction: Mitzrayim shall gather them up, Memphis shall bury them: the pleasant places for their silver, nettles shall possess them: thorns shall be in their tents.
7 The yamim of punishment have come, the yamim of repayment have come; Yisrael shall know it: the navi is a fool, the spiritual man is mad, for the multitude of your iniquity, the hatred is great.
8 The watchman of Efrayim was with my Ahlohim: but the navi is a trap and a stumbling block in all his halachot, hatred is in the bayit of his Ahlohim.
9 They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the yamim of Givah: therefore He will remember their iniquity; He will punish them for their sins.
10 I found Yisrael like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your ahvot as the bikkurim in the fig eytz in the beginning: but they went to Ba’al-Peor and separated themselves for his shame; and their abominations were a result of their misplaced ahava.
11 As for Efrayim, their tifereth shall fly away like a bird, they are cut off from birth, and from the womb and from conception.
12 Though they bring up their children, yet will I make them childless, that there shall not be a man left: woe to them when I depart from them!
13 Efrayim, as I saw like Tzor, planted in a pleasant place: but Efrayim shall bring forth his children to the murderer.
14 Give them, O YHUH: what will You give? Give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
15 All their wickedness is in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of My Bayit, I will love them no more: all their rulers are rebels.
16 Efrayim is smitten, their root is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yes, though they bring forth, yet will I kill even the beloved fruit of their womb.
17 My Ahlohim will cast them away because they did not listen to Him: and they shall be wanderers among the goyim.
10 Yisrael is a degenerate empty vine, he brings forth fruit to himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he has increased the altars; the better his land, the better the pagan pillars they built.
2 Their lev is divided; now shall they be found guilty: He shall break down their altars; He shall destroy their pillars.
3 For now they shall say, We have no melech because we feared not YHUH; what then should a melech do for us?
4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a brit: therefore mishpat will spring up as poisoned weeds in the furrows of the field.
5 The inhabitants of Shomron shall fear because of the calf of Beth-Aven: for the people there shall mourn over it and also the kohanim there who rejoiced over it, for its former tifereth because it has departed from it.
6 It shall be also carried to Ashshur for a present to Melech Yarev: Efrayim shall receive shame and Yisrael shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
7 As for Shomron, her melech is cut off as the foam upon the mayim.
8 The high places of Aven, the sin of Yisrael, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.
9 O Yisrael, you have sinned from the yamim of Givah: there they stood: the battle in Givah against the children of iniquity shall not overtake them.
10 It is in My desire that I should correct them; and peoples shall be gathered against them, when I bind them for their double guilt.
11 And Efrayim is as a heifer that is being taught and loves to tread out the grain; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Efrayim to ride; Yahudah shall plow, and Yaakov shall break his clods.
12 Sow to yourselves in tzedakah; gather the vintage for the fruit of chayim; light The Ohr of daat. Ask from YHUH, until the zera of tzedakah arrives.
13 You have plowed wickedness, you have reaped iniquity; you have eaten the fruit of lies: because you did trust in your own derech, in the multitudes of your mighty men.
14 Therefore shall a tumult arise among your people and all your fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Beth-Arvel in the yom of battle: the emma was dashed in pieces falling upon her children.
15 So shall Beth-El do to you because of your great wickedness: in a boker shall the melech of Yisrael utterly be cut off.
11 When Yisrael was a Child, then I loved Him and called My Son out of Mitzrayim.
2 They called them, so they went out from them: they sacrificed to Ba’alim and burned incense to carved images.
3 I taught Efrayim to walk, taking them by their arms; but they knew not that I healed them.
4 I drew them with cords of a man, with cords of ahava: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I bent down to feed them.
5 Let him then return into the land of Mitzrayim and the Ashurite shall be his melech because they refused to make teshuvah to Me.
6 And the sword shall abide on his cities and shall consume his branches, and devour them because of their own counsels.
7 And My people are committed to backslide from Me: though they have called to El-Elyon, none would exalt Him.
8 How shall I give you up, Efrayim? How can I just hand you over, Yisrael? How shall I make you as Admah? How shall I set you as Zevoim? My lev churns within Me, My rachamim are being lit for you.
9 I will not execute the fierceness of My full anger, I will not return to destroy Efrayim: for I AM El and not man; the Kadosh-One in the midst of you: and I will not come to you in full enmity.
10 They shall have their halacha in YHUH: He shall roar like a Lion: when He shall roar, then the sons of Yisrael shall tremble from The Sea.
11 They shall tremble as a bird out of Mitzrayim and as a dove out of the land of Ashshur: and I will place them back in their own houses, says YHUH.
12 Efrayim surrounds Me with lies and Beit Yisrael with deceit: but Yahudah still rules with El and is faithful to the Kadosh-One.
12 Efrayim feeds on wind and follows after the east wind: he daily increases lies and desolation; and they make a brit with the Ashurim and their oil is sent to Mitzrayim.
2 YHUH has also a controversy with Yahudah and will punish Yaakov according to their halachot; according to their doings will he repay them.
3 He took his brother by the heel in the womb and by his strength he had power with Ahlohim:
4 Yes, he had power over The Heavenly Malach and prevailed: he wept and made tefillot to Him: he found Him in Beth-El and there He spoke with us;
5 Even YHUH Ahlohim Tzevaot;YHUH is His memorial Name.
6 Therefore make teshuvah to your Ahlohim: keep rachamim and mishpat and wait on your Ahlohim continually.
7 Yet Yaakov is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress.
8 And Efrayim said, Yes, I have become rich, I have found substance: in all my labors they shall find no iniquity in me that is sin.
9 And I who am YHUH your Ahlohim from the land of Mitzrayim will yet make you to dwell in sukkot, as in the yamim of the solemn moed of Sukkot.
10 I have also spoken to you by the neviim and I have multiplied visions and used parables, by the service of the neviim.
11 Is there iniquity in Gilad? Surely, yet they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yes, their altars are as many as the heaps in the furrows of the fields.
12 And Yaakov fled into the country of Aram and Yisrael served for an isha and for an isha he kept sheep.
13 And by a navi YHUH brought Yisrael out of Mitzrayim and by a navi was he guarded.
14 Efrayim provoked Him to anger most bitterly: therefore shall He leave his dahm-guilt upon him and his reproach shall His Master repay to him.
13 When Efrayim spoke there was trembling, he was exalted in Yisrael; but when he offended in Ba’al worship, he lost his power.
2 And now they sin more and more and have made molten images of their silver and idols according to their own binah, all of it the work of the craftsmen: they say to them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.
3 Therefore they shall be as the boker cloud and as the early dew that passes away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the threshing floor and as the smoke out of the chimney.
4 Yet I AM YHUH your Ahlohim who fortifies the shamayim and creates the earth, whose hands made the whole host of the shamayim, but I did not show them to you to go after them but I brought you up from the land of Mitzrayim and you shall know no other ahlahim but Me: for there is no Savior besides Me.
5 I knew you in the wilderness, in the land of great drought.
6 When they were filled; and satisfied and their lev was exalted; they forgot Me.
7 Therefore I will be to them as a lion: as a leopard by the derech will I observe them:
8 I will meet them as a bear that is missing her young and will rip open the casing of their lev and there will I devour them like a lion: the wild beast shall tear them.
9 O Yisrael, you have destroyed yourself; but in Me is your help.
10 Where is your melech now to save you in all your cities? And your rulers of whom you said, Give me a melech and rulers?
11 I gave you a melech in My anger and took him away in My wrath.
12 The iniquity of Efrayim is bound up; his sin is hidden.
13 The pains of a travailing woman shall come upon him: he is an unwise son; for he will not stay long in the place of childbirths.
14 I will ransom them from the power of Sheol; I will redeem them from death: O death, where is your victory; O Sheol, where is your sting? Your consolation is hidden from My eyes.
15 Though he be fruitful among his brothers, an east wind shall come, the Wind of YHUH shall come up from the wilderness and his spring shall become dry and his fountain shall be dried up: it shall spoil the treasure of all his pleasant vessels.
16 Shomron shall become desolate; for she has rebelled against her Ahlohim: they shall fall by the sword: their infants shall be dashed in pieces and their women with child shall be ripped up.
14 O Yisrael, make teshuvah to YHUH your Ahlohim; for you have fallen by your iniquity.
2 Take with you Words of Torah and make teshuvah to YHUH: and say to Him, Take away all our iniquity and receive us graciously: so will we render the bulls, the fruit of our lips.
3 Ashshur shall not save us; we will not ride upon horses: neither will we say anymore to the work of our own hands, You are our ahlahim; for in You the fatherless finds rachamim.
4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them instantly: for My anger will be turned away from him.
5 I will be as the dew to Yisrael: he shall grow as the lily and cast forth his roots as Levanon.
6 His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive eytz, and his smell as Levanon.
7 They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the grain and grow as the vine: their fragrance shall be as the wine of Levanon.
8 Efrayim shall say, What have I to do anymore with idols? As for Me, I have heard him and observed him saying, I am like a green fig eytz. O Efrayim from Me is your fruit found.
9 Who is wise and he shall understand these things? Discerning and he shall know them? For the halachot of YHUH are right and the tzadikim shall have their halacha in these things: but the transgressors shall fall in it. Ahmein X
HOSEA 1:1 A prophet to the northern kingdom, with a few words of restoration and hope for the south as well.
HOSEA 1:3 Gomer is symbolic of Israel as the adulterous collective bride to YAH.
HOSEA 1:4 Meaning the gathering and collection of the previously scattered seed. Literally “El will scatter, El will sow.”
HOSEA 1:4 Strong’s Hebrew #3157; TWOT # 582.
HOSEA 1:4 All innocent blood will be avenged when YAH brings an end to the nation of the north, as a viable independent nation, but not the scattered individuals from that nation.
HOSEA 1:5 Efrayim will be broken and destroyed by being placed in a metaphoric valley of scattering.
HOSEA 1:6 Strong’s Hebrew # 3819 meaning “no compassion.”
HOSEA 1:6 A people known as “no mercy” taken away in exile.
HOSEA 1:7 Judah spared during Hosea’s life and in small part throughout the generations.
HOSEA 1:9 Strong’s Hebrew # 3818 meaning “not My people.”
HOSEA 1:10 Both houses. The sand of the sea hyperbole in Hosea 1:10 does not refer exclusively to Jewish-Israel. It does not and cannot ever refer solely to Jewish-Israel, who is mathematically disqualified, if counted alone. It is this remnant from both houses (as seen in verse 11) that are the re-establishing of the historical, social people of Israel. The multitudes of these renewed Yisraelites will be those returning from the Lo-Ami and Lo-Ruchamah status, or Efrayim. This truth is confirmed again in Hosea 2:23 and 1 Peter 2:10.
HOSEA 1:10 A metaphor first given to the patriarchs that promises literally billions of biological offspring.
HOSEA 1:10 Ultimately the land of Israel, where the restored will abide.
HOSEA 1:10 The same people who were not a people and with no mercy will become children of YAH in numbers that humans cannot count, or fathom. Notice the term “them,” meaning that the latter-day children of YAH are not a new people, but the same revived people.
HOSEA 1:10 And daughters.
HOSEA 1:10 Sonship is restored through YAH’s Son Messiah as seen in verse 11.
HOSEA 1:10 Peter, the great apostle, states that the royal Renewed Covenant believer-priesthood of First Peter 2:9-10 are the same children of Elohim spoken about by Hosea 1:10. He even goes so far as calling this recreated priesthood “a set apart” nation.
HOSEA 1:10 Those who identify themselves as born-again children of Elohim in the latter-days are declaring themselves to be the actual literal offspring of the former Lo-Ami and Lo-Ruchamah.
HOSEA 1:11 In the days when YAH reveals His children, through regeneration by the Spirit, or the born-again experience that leads to the birth of His children. Both Judah & Efrayim are referenced in this verse.
HOSEA 1:11 Hosea 1:11 is truly a great wonderful time as both scattered and assimilated houses are seen returning from all the nations, or the nations. The children of Elohim come out of the earth of rejection from both houses, back to YAH and the land of Israel. The re-gathering is simultaneous and cannot have one house being restored, while the other remains in exile. They were exiled separately, but will return together at the same time.
HOSEA 1:11 See Ezekiel 37:16-28.
HOSEA 1:11 The re-gathering is a result of favor to those who choose one Head. We know that this one Head is the same for both houses, as Ezekiel 37:24 states that both houses will be reunited under the power and authority of the one King and Shepherd. (Note that one house does not appoint Torah alone, while the other appoints Messiah. Both houses must appoint the same Head and the same Torah, for the sake of reunification and unity.) So The Messiah, the King and Great Shepherd, is the only means by which both houses can be eternally secure in the final re-gathering. Any attempt to reunite the two exiled houses through political, immigration, military, or culturally mandated programs by man, is doomed to failure. Man does not cause the restoration and neither can he stop it. All who do so outside of YAH’s Messiah alone are fools in a fishbowl of vanity. Individuals from both houses appoint the King/Shepherd, or the Greater Dawid/Messiah and then both become one in His hand as the Day of Jezreel is brought to pass.
HOSEA 1:11 The earth of exile and unbelief.
HOSEA 1:11 The day of the ingathering of the scattered and sown seed of both houses of Israel.
HOSEA 2:1 After the two houses come together by appointing one Head, Judah will see Efrayim not merely as my brother in the Nazarene Yisraelite faith, but as part of Israel as he cries out to Efrayim “Ami/my own people.” Also to Judah’s believing sisters in Efrayim, Judah will cry out “O Ruchamah,” or “You who have now received mercy.” As the two houses come together through Messiah, we must change our view and thinking about our spiritual brothers, seeing them as fellow parts of the physical people of Israel, as we see them as part of “ami,” my people.
HOSEA 2:6 The wall of separation between YAH and Efrayim and between Efrayim and Judah.
HOSEA 2:7 Efrayim will one day realize how good things were with YAH , since these dumb idols only bring death and rejection.
HOSEA 2:8 Or, the “lord.”
HOSEA 2:9 Why should YAH give Efrayim all these blessings and have him turn them over to s.a.tan?
HOSEA 2:11 The removal of the true appointed times of YAH from Efrayim were part of their punishment. Conversely the reinstitution of the feasts to Efrayim is a sign of their return. Today, by and large Efrayim continues in pagan feasts and holidays, until they acknowledge Messiah and His Torah and make a full repentance.
HOSEA 2:14 The good speaking, or comfortable speaking, is the proclamation of the Good News of the kingdom restored.
HOSEA 2:14 Like the first exodus, Efrayim will be lured back to YAH while in the wilderness of the nations.
HOSEA 2:15 Achor is trouble, or the “valley of trouble.” In the Valley of Achor, Efrayim will have the door of hope open to return. In the Great Tribulation, Efrayim will fully respond to YAH’s call of comfort.
HOSEA 2:15 She will rejoice in the Great Tribulation, as YAH opens the door for Efrayim's repentance and return. Efrayim will sing the song of Moses for Torah once again, as they did when they left Egypt under the Redeemer’s hand.
HOSEA 2:16 When Efrayim returns, they will give up the generic term “lord” that they used to refer to all their other lovers and use “YAH My Husband,” to distinguish Him and to display His greatness, in their return.
HOSEA 2:17 YAH will remove all the false names and substitutes for YAH from Efrayim, through sound teaching.
HOSEA 2:18 A Renewed Covenant will be made with Efrayim allowing them to be in safety in their return. See Jeremiah 23:6.
HOSEA 2:19 YAH’s promise to Efrayim to take them back as repentant individuals will be unconditional and eternal, imparting unmerited favor and a Renewed Covenant.
HOSEA 2:22 The wonderful and awesome Day of Jezre-El will be known and understood by all the earth and all who dwell in it, as YAH returns the captivity of the exiles of Zion. The earth responds in affirmation with abundant production.
HOSEA 2:23 Sown in order to be re-gathered.
HOSEA 2:23 The curses reversed by YAH through Messiah.
HOSEA 2:23 This confession is happening even in our day.
HOSEA 3:1Through Hosea’s personal experiences, YAH shows how Efrayim-Israel has acted with Him and how He feels as a broken hearted Husband.
HOSEA 3:4 A reference to both houses without Messiah.
HOSEA 3:4 A reference to the destruction of the Temple.
HOSEA 3:4 A reference to no means of atonement.
HOSEA 3:4 A reference to the High Priest losing his function in the earthly Tabernacle.
HOSEA 3:4 A reference to lack of Temple worship.
HOSEA 3:5After many days of abiding without a King and the means of blood atonement, due to unbelief.
HOSEA 3:5 In the ends times, a remnant of all Israel will return to YAH by seeking both Him and Dawid their resurrected King. This of course is a reference to the “Greater Dawid,” or The Son of Dawid, The Messiah.
HOSEA 3:5 This return from unfaithfulness will occur in the latter-days after seeking YAH through the King Messiah. Just as Hosea's wife was taken back, so YAH has taken back His collective bride.
HOSEA 4:6 Efrayim-Israel was destroyed for rejecting Torah knowledge, as were the Lewites. Religions like to quote this verse out of context by using it without the Torah reference.
HOSEA 4:6 Efrayim’s children forgot their heritage and ancestry because their fathers forgot YAH and His Torah.
HOSEA 4:7 Physical multiplicity.
HOSEA 4:17 Efrayim cannot be rejoined to YAH , as long as he is joined to idols.
HOSEA 4:19 YAH will carry Efrayim to all four corners of the earth, as a mishpat for his sacrifices and idolatrous worship.
HOSEA 5:3The ten tribes may be lost to the world, but YAH knows their location and He alone is finding them and gathering them. YAH reiterates this truth.
HOSEA 5:3 Efrayim-Israel is not hidden, but surely is defiled.
HOSEA 5:4 Even today many Efraimites claim to know YAH and believe in Messiah, but little do they know that a whoring spirit is still among them, as many refuse to return to Torah living.
HOSEA 5:5 Both houses will fall to the sword of exile.
HOSEA 5:6 Until the coming of Messiah.
HOSEA 5:7 “Strange” is a synonym for nations. Israel has brought forth strange gentile children before YAH.
HOSEA 5:7 Fifth month, or Av. The historical month of destruction for both houses.
HOSEA 5:9 Efrayim, or the ten tribes would cease as recognizable Yisraelites, as they would assimilate with the nations and thus be indistinguishable from them. YAH announced this to all Israel ahead of the actual events.
HOSEA 5:10 They also perverted the Torah, the landmark they were to guard and establish before both houses.
HOSEA 5:10 Water again is symbolic of exile.
HOSEA 5:11 A popular idol.
HOSEA 5:11 Efrayim’s idolatry often has been blatant.
HOSEA 5:12 Difficult to be apprehended.
HOSEA 5:13 Literally the “king of contention.”
HOSEA 5:13 Efrayim often ran to neighbors around Israel for help, as opposed to YAH.
HOSEA 5:14 Both houses will be ripped apart from the land and from YAH.
HOSEA 5:14 Duality of Powers in the heavens. In Hebrew Ani, Ani.
HOSEA 5:14 To the mishpat of global exile.
HOSEA 5:15 Messiah will return to His place in the heavens, after His resurrection.
HOSEA 5:15 Jacob’s Trouble, or the Great Tribulation.
HOSEA 5:15 They will seek relief and protection early on at the outset of the Great Tribulation.
HOSEA 5:15 Since they did not want Messiah to rescue them, He returned to His place in the heavens, waiting to reappear for them at the time designated by The Father, after they acknowledge their sin in His rejection and crucifixion.
HOSEA 6:1 Both houses.
HOSEA 6:1 YAH has corrected, but YAH will heal when both houses make repentance.
HOSEA 6:2 Two thousand years according to 2nd Peter 3:8 and Psalm 90:4, which establishes the principle of a day equaling one thousand years in YAH’s sight. We see that again in the creation account. After two days, or 2,000 years, both houses will be quickened, or revived to righteousness and restoration and healing in our nation. We see this coming to pass with the two-house healing and revival that began to accelerate in 1996 CE, about 2,000 years after Messiah’s birth in 20 BCE.
HOSEA 6:2 The “us” is both houses of Israel.
HOSEA 6:2 The third day is the start of the 3rd set of 1,000 years after the offering of the kingdom by Messiah. Beginning around 1996 CE, the third day began. Both houses are in a season of revival that leads to the resurrected life of the millennial kingdom. Two-house revival is the means to the end, with the end being the life of the kingdom restored in the millennial reign of Messiah, which commences 7,000 years after Adam and Eve, or 3,000 years - 3 days ‑ after Messiah’s first coming.
HOSEA 6:2 When both houses have been given eternal life through Messiah, we will live in His sight and in His presence, or literally “before YAH ,” as opposed to being broken and wounded, living out in the nations, away from His face and His presence.
HOSEA 6:3 The whole purpose of the Renewed Covenant is to have both houses renewed by sins forgiven, so we can move on to “know YAH ” from the least of us, to the greatest among us according to Jeremiah 31:31-34.
HOSEA 6:3 His coming, or going forth to meet with us, is from the dawn, or “morning of creation,” prepared for us from the foundation of the world.
HOSEA 6:3 In Hebrew malkosh and yoreh are the root forms of “king” and “teach.” Kingly-rain, or latter-rain is ruling power and teaching-rain, or “early rain” is the learning experienced under the Set-Apart Spirit, prior to the kingdom on earth.
HOSEA 6:5 YAH has done everything He can to bring both houses to their senses.
HOSEA 6:6 His desire is for both houses to know Him personally not merely be religious.
HOSEA 6:6 Messiah quotes this in Matthew 9:13, further substantiating that He is speaking to Yisraelites who are familiar with the Hosea 6:6 passage.
HOSEA 6:9 Home to many kohanim.
HOSEA 6:10 Efrayim is defiled by unclean spiritual and sexual practices.
HOSEA 6:11 Personal salvation through rebirth.
HOSEA 6:11 Judah will also experience a revival when Efrayim does, pointing out that the restoration and revival of all Israel is a simultaneous event, with no one left out. Judah will experience a harvest of naphsoth, when Efrayim experiences a return to the Torah brit and the land of Israel.
HOSEA 6:11 We see the duality of one in this verse.
HOSEA 7:7 Hot with desire for sin.
HOSEA 7:7 In the history of Efrayim in the north, not one single king is ever recorded as being pleasing to YAH , as opposed to Judah, that at least had a few whom YAH commended.
HOSEA 7:8 Efrayim’s desire was to mix and hang out with the nations and their Elohim, so YAH gave them their desire, by scattering them among the nations, so as to become one with the pagans.
HOSEA 7:8 A cake, or loaf that has not turned back to YAH and is not ready to be nourishment for anyone, since Efrayim is like a loaf, or cake that looks good, but on closer examination is not ready, or fully prepared to give and provide life in YAH. The expression can also mean that Efrayim tends to be a bit “looney” at times, like when they have services where people break out into sessions of “dog barking,” and “clucking” like chickens.
HOSEA 7:9 “Strangers,” is an idiomatic expression for pagans, who have sapped his strength and his love to serve YAH.
HOSEA 7:9 Simply because he doesn’t know who he is. How can he know what has occurred to him in his walk with YAH ?
HOSEA 7:9 He is from Israel of old, but does not realize it. And he will have been around a long time (gray hair) before he finally sees that his problem was his penchant for paganism.
HOSEA 7:11 Ironically but not surprisingly, the dove is the symbol for returning Efrayim, or most in Christianity. That dove is a sign from YAH to most Christians, as to who they really are, since Efrayim is likened to a gullible and gentle dove, that believes anything and worships anything.
HOSEA 7:11 Without a heart to stand firm for truth in their own national heritage as Israel. That is why poor "dove-like" silly Efrayim runs to traditional synagogues, where they often find acceptance as “perceived” equal heirs in Israel. That is why Efraimites with an inferiority problem often caused by vexation from Judah, run to undergo long and difficult conversion procedures to become “Jewish” and thus fit into Israel. Often they are so weak in heart, that they willingly deny Messiah to be accepted back into Judah, or to make aliyah/immigration back to the land of Israel. All of those chasing the acceptance of men through a conversion process overseen by a Bet Din (traditional Jewish rabbinical court) are in fact worshipping at the throne of Judaism, acting silly and displaying an unstable feeble heart.
HOSEA 7:11 Efrayim has never met a false idol, or doctrine from which he did not seek help, or by which he was not allured.
HOSEA 7:12 Here Efrayim, though a nation of people, is called a kehela, or eidta, or a “congregation,” as Efrayim is also called throughout the Renewed Covenant, as part of restored Israel.
HOSEA 7:13 Today, though redeemed by Messiah’s blood, Efrayim sadly still misrepresents the true Torah-keeping Messiah and His true mission to restore Israel.
HOSEA 7:14 They assemble as one for the provision, but not for the Provider.
HOSEA 7:16 For falsely accusing YAH.
HOSEA 8:1 Assyria and Egypt.
HOSEA 8:1 Broke and forsook Torah.
HOSEA 8:4 Cut off from the nation due to paganism.
HOSEA 8:5 Not until Messiah comes.
HOSEA 8:7 The whirlwinds will carry them to the earth’s nations, where they will remain pagan and barren.
HOSEA 8:7 Efrayim is dead in sin and cannot produce life.
HOSEA 8:7 Strangers, or non-Yisraelites, will swallow up the ten tribes by assimilation end exile.
HOSEA 8:8 The House of Israel, or Efrayim was swallowed up, having settled among the nations. The Hebrew word “swallowed” is bala, which literally means “to do away with something, or someone by swallowing.” It can also mean, “to devour,” or “to swallow down.” This is the same word used for human consumption of food. Typically, a piece of meat when swallowed disappears and becomes part of the flesh after digestion. So it was with the House of Israel-Efrayim. They became Lo-Ami (not My people) among the nations and their identity was lost. How then can that identity be found in Judah, when it was YAH’s intention for them to lose their identity among the nations, the very status that they had whored after? Amos 9:9 makes it clear that The House of Israel/Efrayim will be sifted among the nations, or nations, as grain is shaken in a sieve, yet they would not be lost to YAH.
HOSEA 8:9 Efrayim is wild and independent from YAH and from the rest of the nation of Israel.
HOSEA 8:9 Efrayim traded in YAH for pleasure and whoring.
HOSEA 8:10 The promise of restoration and regathering.
HOSEA 8:10 After 2 days, or 2,000 years after Messiah.
HOSEA 8:10 King of Assyria.
HOSEA 8:10 Pagan leaders in pagan lands.
HOSEA 8:12 In both the giving of Torah and the specific instructions of Torah.
HOSEA 8:12 To this day Efrayim and most of Christianity see Torah as a strange and outdated “Jewish document,” rather than their own constitution and marriage certificate to YAH.
HOSEA 8:13Through Assyria, as many who were taken to Assyria were resettled in Egypt, an Assyrian colony at that time.
HOSEA 8:14 YAH will bring proper and measured judgments against both houses.
HOSEA 9:1 Efrayim’s penchant for paganism.
HOSEA 9:3 Non-kosher.
HOSEA 9:7 Efrayim’s confusion is in great part spiritual. They seek the Spirit but the wrong kinds of spiritual experiences. Their hatred for Torah is often inexplicable.
HOSEA 9:8 Only the watchmen who look out for the welfare of Efrayim really are doing YAH’s will. All the false prophets who do not love Efrayim’s welfare and return to the Commonwealth of Israel and its ways are dangerous traps for Efrayim.
HOSEA 9:8 Because of the seducing spirits and the false prophets.
HOSEA 9:10Efrayim became as abominable as the idols they worshipped.
HOSEA 9:11 Again the bird, or dove has become the symbol for Efrayim in exile, though many think of it as a religious symbol.
HOSEA 9:11No Yisraelite identity.
HOSEA 9:11 A full and final end to the kingdom of the north as it was. They would fly way into exile where no Yisraelites would be conceived, born, or raised up for YAH. They would become gentile parents of strange non-Yisraelite children.
HOSEA 9:12 They will bring up their own children but not for YAH and He will not allow them to raise up seed for Him.
HOSEA 9:12 When they became Lo-Ami in 721 BCE.
HOSEA 9:13 Some of the places of exile were quite beautiful and pleasant in the natural.
HOSEA 9:13 They will be presented to s.a.tan the murderer and father of all idolatry and rebellion against YAH.
HOSEA 9:14 Barrenness and inability to raise up seed in Israel for YAH.
HOSEA 9:17 They will become the “fullness of the nations” by virtue of their wanderings.
HOSEA 10:1Literally meaning “foreign vine.”
HOSEA 10:1 Not for Israel, but for paganism.
HOSEA 10:1 Rotten fruit.
HOSEA 10:2 Mixed worship. Some truth mixed with error, which is the most dangerous kind.
HOSEA 10:4 Efrayim often made covenants with their neighbors, seeking help.
HOSEA 10:5 Of Efrayim.
HOSEA 10:10 To remove them from Samaria and the north.
HOSEA 10:10 In rejecting Torah and the true Messiah when they accepted a false gentile substitute.
HOSEA 10:11 Efrayim likes to teach and work for YAH , but often without instruction, experience, Torah and understanding and thus YAH passes them by.
HOSEA 10:11 For training.
HOSEA 10:11 The more mature one will plow.
HOSEA 10:11 A combination of teamwork by both houses, can free Israel into breaking the clusters of dirt that surround their understanding of the things of YAH.
HOSEA 10:11 When Efrayim bears the yoke and Judah the plow working as one, Jacob is then produced from the twain.
HOSEA 10:12 Both houses need to sow righteousness and work as one seeking YAH , until The Master comes with the kingdom, or latter rain. From the LXX.
HOSEA 10:13Efrayim trusted in his large numbers, instead of imparted righteousness.
HOSEA 11:1 In the literal, this is a reference to all 12 tribes and in the remez, or hint application, this is a reference to Messiah’s coming out of Egypt.
HOSEA 11:3 When YAH joined him to Jacob and the other tribes.
HOSEA 11:3 YAH healed them of Egyptian idolatry. Yet they returned to it often, not realizing they were supposed to be healed.
HOSEA 11:4 YAH never stopped drawing Efrayim with love.
HOSEA 11:4 YAH’s desire has been and remains to remove the yoke of bondage and exile from Efrayim.
HOSEA 11:4 Fully seen in His Son coming as the Manna of the heavens.
HOSEA 11:6 Efrayim Israel is called the wild olive branch in Romans 11.
HOSEA 11:7 There is a big difference between calling to Him and exalting Him.
HOSEA 11:8 Shema to The Father’s heart for Efrayim and pledge to never give him up, even in the face of impending mishpat.
HOSEA 11:9 Here is YAH’s pledge to punish, but never to destroy Efrayim. This pledge guarantees that the ten tribes are not lost, since The Almighty would consider that destruction.
HOSEA 11:10 In the person of Messiah, the Lion of Judah.
HOSEA 11:10 Be manifest.
HOSEA 11:10 Of Efrayim-Israel.
HOSEA 11:10 Though scattered throughout the globe, many are in Muslim lands, the sea, being the Red Sea and will return spiritually and physically from there, as well as from the west, when Messiah roars.
HOSEA 11:11 Modern symbol of Efrayim.
HOSEA 11:11 Latter-day aliyah/immigration to the land of Israel.
HOSEA 11:12 Efrayim became totally depraved.
HOSEA 11:12 Judah never was fully cut off and had a remnant of authority in their dealings with Elohim.
HOSEA 12:1 This has a dual application. First, it shows that much of Efrayim has headed west of Jerusalem, even though they initially headed east and northeast, being found today in Muslim nations. Second, the Hebraic idiomatic expression “east wind” indicates mishpat, or the “wind of mishpat.”
HOSEA 12:2 A controversy but not a full divorce.
HOSEA 12:2 Both houses.
HOSEA 12:5 YAH’s Name is Jacob’s memorial. Most of Jacob dishonors YAH by not honoring that memorial Name.
HOSEA 12:9 YAH will humble Efrayim by having them live in shanty booths year-round, as they were supposed to do voluntarily at the appointed time during Sukkot, but did not.
HOSEA 12:13 Only someone with a true prophetic heart and spirit can guard over Efrayim’s silliness and Judah’s hatred without a cause towards Messiah.
HOSEA 12:14 Until the coming of The Messiah, when all blood and other guilt would be removed forever to those individuals responding to the Good News.
HOSEA 13:4 YAH did not reveal mysteries of the heavens to Efrayim because of their penchant for pagan worship. Rather, He took Efrayim out from Egypt to remove them from it.
HOSEA 13:4 DSS, LXX.
HOSEA 13:7 By hiding His face.
HOSEA 13:10 In order to be like all the pagan nations.
HOSEA 13:11 King Saul.
HOSEA 13:13 One of the two sons of Luke 15.
HOSEA 13:13 In the land and culture of Israel that births Yisraelites.
HOSEA 13:14 Efrayim-Israel.
HOSEA 13:14 This verse is quoted to the Corinthian Yisraelites in First Corinthians 15:54, proving once again that the congregation at Corinth was Yisraelite in nature and Efraimite in character.
HOSEA 13:14 The grave cannot and will not be consoled in its loss of power over mankind.
HOSEA 13:15 Through physical multiplicity.
HOSEA 13:15 Wind of mishpat that carried Efrayim west.
HOSEA 14:3 Recommended words of full repentance by the standards of Torah.
HOSEA 14:6 In the age to come, or millennial kingdom.
HOSEA 14:6 Restored and fully healed as seen in Romans 11. This olive tree reference is further proof that Efrayim and Judah and their companions, make up the olive tree, not “Jew and gentile” being grafted into a “Jewish tree,” as is so commonly taught.
HOSEA 14:7 Under the shadow of the olive tree.
HOSEA 14:7 Revival of all Israel.
HOSEA 14:8 Like a Yisraelite again. The fig tree is one of the original symbols of Israel.
HOSEA 14:8 May YAH quicken that day when Efrayim’s fruit comes from Him.
HOSEA 14:9 The spiritually mature and discerning understand that this is what YAH is doing in our time and generation. He is making Efrayim a green fig tree again and reviving the olive tree and its emanating shade.
HOSEA 14:9 Restoration truths.
HOSEA 14:9 The spiritually proud and untaught will fall over Efrayim’s latter-day confession, repentance and return, seeing it as a perceived threat to their exclusivity as Israel, rather than as an end-time promise.