To The Believing Remnant Of Yisrael

1 Ahloha, who at various times and in different derachot spoke in times past to the ahvot of Yisrael by the neviim,

2 Has in these yamim acharonim spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the olamim;

3 Who being the brightness of His tifereth and the express image of His Person and upholding all things by The Word of His Power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down as the Right Hand of the Majesty on High;

4 Being made so much better than the heavenly malachim, as He has inherited a more excellent Name than them.

5 For to which of the heavenly malachim said He at any time, You are My Son, this yom have I brought You forth? And again, I will be to Him an Abba and He shall be to Me a Son?

6 And again, when He brings in the first brought-forth into the olam, He says: And let all the heavenly malachim of Ahloha worship Him.

7 And of the heavenly malachim He says, Who makes His heavenly malachim ruachim and His avadim a flame of fire.

8 But to The Son He says, Your kesay, O Ahloha, is le-olam-va-ed: a scepter of tzedakah is the scepter of Your malchut.

9 You have loved tzedakah and hated iniquity; therefore Ahloha, even Your Ahloha, has anointed You with the oil of gilah above Your fellows.

10 And, You, YHUH, in the beginning have laid the foundation of the earth; and the shamayim are the works of Your hands:

11 They shall perish; but You remain; and they all shall grow old as does a garment;

12 And like a mantle You shall fold them up and they shall be changed: but You are the same and Your years shall not fail.

13 But to which of the heavenly malachim said He at any time, Sit on My right hand, until I make Your enemies Your footstool?

14 Are they not all serving ruachim, sent forth to serve those who shall be heirs of salvation?

2 Therefore we have to give the more earnest attention to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.

2 For if The Word spoken by heavenly malachim was firm and every transgression and act of disobedience received a correct reward;

3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great a salvation; which at first began to be spoken by The Master Himself and was confirmed to us by them that heard Him;

4 YHUH also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders and with different nisim and gifts of The Ruach Hakodesh, according to His own will!

5 For it is not to the heavenly malachim that He has subjected the olam haba, of which we speak.

6 But The Katuv testifies, saying, What is man, that You are mindful of him? Or, the ben adam, that You visited him?

7 You made him a little lower than the heavenly malachim; You crowned him with tifereth and kavod and did set him over the works of Your hands:

8 You have put all things in subjection under His feet. For in that He put all in subjection under Him, He left nothing that is not put under Him. But now we see not yet all things put under Him.

9 But we see YAHUSHA-YHUH, who was made a little lower than the heavenly malachim for the suffering of death, crowned with tifereth and kavod; because He tasted death for every man, apart from Abba Ahloha of course.

10 For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to tifereth, to make the Sar of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

11 For both He that sets-apart and those who are being set apart are all echad: for which reason He is not ashamed to call them Yisraelite brothers,

12 Saying, I will declare Your Name to My Yisraelite brothers, in the midst of the kehilla will I sing tehilla to You.

13 And again, I will put My trust in Him. And again, Behold I and the children that YHUH has given Me.

14 Since the children share in flesh and dahm, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death He might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, s.a.tan;

15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to avdooth.

16 For truly He took not on Himself the nature of heavenly malachim; but He took on Himself the offspring-zera of Avraham.

17 So in every way it behooved Him to be made like His Yisraelite brothers, so that He might be full of rachamim as a faithful Kohen HaGadol in things pertaining to YHUH, to make keporah for the sins of the people.

18 For in that He Himself has suffered being tried, He is able to help them that are tried.

3 Therefore, kadosh Yisraelite brothers, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider The Sholiach and The Kohen HaGadol of our confession, The Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH;

2 Who was faithful to Him that appointed Him, as also Moshe was faithful in all his bayit.

3 For this Man was counted worthy of more tifereth than Moshe, seeing that He who has built the bayit has more kavod than the bayit.

4 For every bayit is built by some man; but He that built all things is Ahloha.

5 And Moshe truly was faithful in all his bayit, as an eved, for a testimony of those things that were to be spoken later;

6 But The Moshiach as a Son over His own bayit; whose bayit we are, if we hold fast the confidence and the gilah of our tikvah firm to the end.

7 Therefore as The Ruach Hakodesh says, Today if you will hear His voice,

8 Harden not your levavot, as in the rebellion, in the yom of trials in the wilderness:

9 When your ahvot tried Me, proved Me and saw My works forty years.

10 Therefore I was grieved with that generation and said, They do always go wayward in their levavot; and they have not known My halachot.

11 So I swore in My wrath, They shall not enter into My rest.

12 Shema, Yisraelite brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil lev of unbelief, in departing from the living Ahloha.

13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called today; lest any of you become hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

14 For we are made partakers of The Moshiach, if we hold onto the beginning of our confidence firm to the end;

15 While it is said, today if you will hear His voice, harden not your levavot, as in the rebellion.

16 For some, when they had heard, did rebel: was it not those that came out of Mitzrayim with Moshe? Although not all of them.

17 But with whom was He grieved for forty years? Was it not with them that had sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness?

18 And to whom did He swear that they should not enter into His rest, but to them that believed not?

19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

4 Let us therefore fear, while the promise of entering into His rest remains, lest any of you should seem to come short of it.

2 For to us was The Besorah proclaimed, as well as to them: but The Word proclaimed did not profit them, since it was not mixed with emunah in them that heard it.

3 For we who have believed do enter into the rest, as He said, As I have sworn in My wrath, they shall not enter into My rest: for behold the works were finished from the foundation of the olam.

4 For He spoke in a certain place of The Shabbath in this manner: And Ahloha did rest on the seventh yom from all His works.

5 And in this place again, They shall not enter into My rest.

6 Seeing therefore it stands that some will surely enter into it and they to whom it was first proclaimed entered not because of unbelief:

7 Again, after so long a time; He appointed another yom as it is written above, for Dawid said, Today if you will hear His voice, harden not your levavot.

8 For if Yahoshua son of Nun had given them rest, then would He not afterward have spoken of another yom.

9 There remains therefore a Shabbat-keeping duty to all the people of Ahloha.

10 For the one that is entered into His rest, he also has ceased from his own works, as YHUH did from His.

11 Let us labor therefore to enter into that future Shabbat, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

12 For The Word of YHUH is quick and powerful and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing between the nephesh and the ruach man and between the joints and marrow and bone and is a discerner of the emet thoughts and intents of the lev.

13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in His sight: but all things are naked and open before the eyes of Him to whom we have to answer.

14 Seeing then that we have a great Kohen HaGadol, that is passed into the shamayim, YAHUSHA-YHUH, The Son of YHUH, let us hold fast our confession.

15 For we have not a Kohen HaGadol who cannot be touched with the feeling of our weaknesses; but He was in all points tried like we are, yet He was without sin.

16 Let us therefore come boldly to the kesay of chen, that we may obtain rachamim and find chen to help in our time of need.

5 For every Kohen HaGadol taken from among men is appointed for men in things pertaining to YHUH, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:

2 He is the one who can humble himself and have rachamim on the ignorant who go astray; for that he himself also is surrounded with weaknesses.

3 And because of these he is obliged, to sacrifice for the people and also for himself, on account of his own sins.

4 And no man takes this kavod to himself, but he that is called of YHUH, as was Aharon.

5 So also The Moshiach esteemed not Himself to be made a Kohen HaGadol; but He that said to Him, You are My Son, today have I brought You forth.

6 As He says also in another place, You are a Kohen le-olam-va-ed, based on The Dabar-The Word Malki-Tzedek.

7 Who in the yamim of His flesh, when He had offered up tefillot and supplications with strong crying and tears to Him that was able to save Him from death and was heard;

8 Though He was The Son, yet He learned obedience by the things that He suffered;

9 And He grew to be perfect and He became The Author of eternal salvation to all them that obey Him;

10 Called of YHUH, a Kohen HaGadol based on The Dabar-The Word Malki-Tzedek.

11 About whom we have many things to say, but some are hard to explain, seeing you are dull of hearing.

12 For when by this time you ought to be morim, you have the need that someone teach you again the first principles of the primary writings of YHUH; and have become those that need milk and not strong meat.

13 For everyone that uses milk is unskilled in The Word of Tzedakah: for he is a baby.

14 But strong meat belongs to them that are mature, even those who by reason of using The Word, have their senses exercised to discern both tov and evil.

6 Therefore leaving the elementary principles of the teaching of The Moshiach, let us go on to perfection; not laying again the foundation of teshuvah from past evil works and of emunah towards YHUH,

2 Of the teachings of mikvot and of laying on of hands and of our resurrection from the dead and of eternal mishpat.

3 And this will we do, if The Master YHUH permits.

4 For it is impossible for those who were once immersed in mikvah, and have tasted of the heavenly gift and were made partakers of The Ruach Hakodesh,

5 And have tasted the tov Word of YHUH and the powers of the olam haba,

6 And should they fall away, to renew them again to teshuvah; seeing they impale by themselves The Son of YHUH again and put Him to an open shame.

7 For the earth which drinks in the rain that comes upon it and brings forth plants fit for them by whom it is tilled, receives brachot from Ahloha:

8 But that which bears thorns and thistles is rejected and is near to cursing; whose end is to be burned.

9 But, beloved, we expect better things from you and things that accompany salvation; that’s why we speak like this.

10 For YHUH is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of ahava, which you have showed toward His Name, in that you have served the Yisraelite kidushim and still do serve.

11 And we desire that every one of you show the same eagerness to the full assurance of your tikvah to the end:

12 That you be not lazy in The Malchut, but followers of them who through emunah and patience will inherit the promises.

13 For when YHUH made a promise to Avraham because He could swear by no one greater, He swore by Himself,

14 Saying, Surely in brachot I will bless you and multiplying I will multiply you.

15 And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.

16 For men truly swear by the greater than themselves: and in every dispute among them, the emet settlement is by the oath.

17 In like manner YHUH, willing more abundantly to show to the heirs of promise that His promise was unchangeable, sealed it by an oath:

18 That by two immutable things, the promise and the tikvah, in which it was impossible for YHUH to lie, we might have a strong encouragement, we who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the tikvah set before us:

19 Which tikvah we have as an anchor of our being, both sure and firm and that tikvah enters within the veil;

20 There YAHUSHA-YHUH has previously entered in for our sakes, made The Kohen HaGadol le-olam-va-ed , based on The Dabar-The Word Malki-Tzedek.

7 For this Malki-Tzedek, melech of Wholeness, kohen of El-Elyon, who met Avraham returning from the slaughter of the melechim and blessed him;

2 To whom also Avraham gave a ma’aser; first being by interpretation Melech of Tzedakah and after that also Melech of Healing and Wholeness, that is, Melech of Shalom;

3 Without abba, without emma, without records in any list or genealogy, without a start of yamim, nor any end of chayim; but this One was like The Son of YHUH; who is the One that abides in His kohanut-priesthood in ongoing victory.

4 Now consider how great this One was, to whom even our abba Avraham gave the ma’aser and firstfruits of the best.

5 And truly they that are of the sons of Lewi, who receive the office of the kohanim, have a mitzvah to take the ma’aser from the people according to the Torah, that is, from their Yisraelite brothers, even though they come out of the loins of Avraham:

6 But the One not recorded in their family’s genealogy, received the ma’aser from Avraham and blessed him that had the promises.

7 And The Dabar is correct; the lesser one is blessed by the Greater One.

8 And here mortal men receive the ma’aser; but there The One received them, of whom The Katuv is a witness that He lives continually.

9 And one might say, that through Avraham even Lewi, who received the ma’aser, gave ma’aser.

10 For he was yet in the loins of his abba Avraham, when Malki-Tzedek met him.

11 If therefore perfection were by the Lewitical kohanut – for under it the people received the Torah – what further need was there that another Kohen should arise, based upon My Dabar-My Word Malki-Tzedek and not be called based on My Words to Aharon?

12 For the kohanut being transferred, there is made of necessity an adjustment also in the Torah.

13 For He of whom these things are spoken of pertains to another tribe, of which no man ever served at the altar.

14 For it is evident that our Master sprang out of Yahudah; of which tribe Moshe said nothing concerning the kohanut.

15 And it is yet clearer: that after the likeness and image of Malki-Tzedek there arises another Kohen,

16 Who is not appointed by the Torah of a carnal mitzvah given to flesh and dahm, but by The Power of an endless chayim.

17 For He testifies, You are a Kohen le-olam-va-ed, based on The Dabar-The Word Malki-Tzedek.

18 For there is truly a setting-aside of the former mitzvah because of its weakness and unprofitableness.

19 For the Torah healed nothing, but the bringing in of a better tikvah did; through which we draw near to YHUH.

20 And He confirmed it to us by an oath:

21 For those kohanim were made without any oath; but this One with an oath, by Him that said to Him, The Master YHUH has sworn and will not relent, You are a Kohen le-olam-va-ed; based on The Dabar-The Word Malki-Tzedek:

22 By that oath YAHUSHA-YHUH was made a guarantor of a better brit.

23 And they truly were many kohanim because they were not allowed to continue in the land by reason of their death:

24 But this One, le-olam-va-ed, has a continuous kohanut, that will not depart from us.

25 Therefore He is able also to save them fully, that come to YHUH through Him, seeing He lives le-olam-va-ed to make intercession for them.

26 For such a Kohen HaGadol is fully fit for us, who is kadosh, harmless, undefiled, pure, separate from sinners and exalted higher than the shamayim;

27 Who need not daily, as those Kohanim Gedolim, to offer up sacrifices, first for his own sins and then for the people’s: for this He did once, when He offered up Himself.

28 For the Torah makes men Kohanim Gedolim, who have human weakness; but The Dabar-Word of the oath, which was after the Torah, appointed The Son, The Perfect One, le-olam-va-ed.

8 Now of the things that we have spoken this is the summary: We have such a Kohen HaGadol, who is set as the Right Hand of the kesay of the Majesty in the shamayim;

2 An attendant of the Kadosh-Place and of the emet Tent of Meeting, which YHUH pitched and not man.

3 For every Kohen HaGadol is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices: So it was also necessary that this Man have something to offer.

4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a kohen, seeing that there are kohanim that offer gifts according to the Torah:

5 Who serve as the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moshe was admonished by Ahloha when he was about to make the Tent of Meeting: for, See, He said, that you make all things according to the pattern showed to you on the har.

6 But now YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach has obtained a greater service, by which He also is the Mediator of a more advantageous brit, which was given as Torah based upon more advantageous promises.

7 For if that first brit people had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.

8 For finding fault with them, He says, Behold, the yamim come, says The Master YHUH, when I will make a Brit Chadasha with Beit Yisrael and with Beit Yahudah:

9 Not according to the brit that I made with their ahvot in the yom when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Mitzrayim; because they continued not in My brit and I regarded them not, says The Master YHUH.

10 For this is the brit that I will make with Beit Yisrael after those yamim, says The Master YHUH; I will put My Torah into their mind and write it on their levavot: and I will be their Ahloha and they shall be My People-Ami:

11 And they shall not teach every man his fellow Yisraelite citizen, and every man his Yisraelite brother, saying, Know The Master YHUH for kol Yisrael shall know Me, from the least to the greatest of them.

12 For I will forgive their unrighteousness and their sins and their Torah-less-ness will I remember no more.

13 In that He says, a new kohanut, He has made the first old. Now that which decays and becomes old is near disappearing.

9 Then truly the first kohanut also had regulations of worship and an earthly Kadosh-Place.

2 For there was a Tent of Meeting made; the first area, where the menorah and the shulchan and the Lechem of the Panayim was; which is called the Makom Kadosh.

3 And after the second veil, the area of the Tent of Meeting which is called the Kadosh HaKedoshim;

4 Which had the golden censer, and the Ark of the Testimony covered on all sides with gold, in which was the golden pot that had manna and Aharon’s rod that budded and the tablets of the testimony;

5 And over it the cheruvim of tifereth shadowing the rachamim seat; of which we won’t now speak in detail.

6 Now when these things were prepared, the kohanim went always into the Makom Kadosh of the Tent of Meeting, performing the services.

7 But into the Kadosh HaKedoshim went the Kohen HaGadol alone once every year, with dahm, which he offered for himself and for the sins of the people:

8 The Ruach Hakodesh therefore signifying, that the derech into the Makom Kadosh was not yet made manifest for believers, while the first Tent of Meeting was still standing:

9 Which was a parable for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make the one that did the service perfect, regarding his conscience;

10 Which stood only in food offerings and drink offerings and different washings and flesh-related regulations, imposed on the kohanim until the time of reformation and restoration.

11 But Moshiach has now become a Kohen HaGadol of tov things to come, by a greater and more perfect Tent of Meeting, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation;

12 Neither by the dahm of goats and calves, but by His own dahm He entered in once into the Kadosh HaKedoshim, having obtained eternal geulah for us.

13 For if the dahm of bulls and of goats and the ashes of a red heifer sprinkling the defiled, sets-apart the flesh:

14 How much more shall the dahm of Moshiach, who through the eternal Ruach offered Himself without blemish to Ahloha, purify your conscience from dead works to serve the living Ahloha?

15 And for this cause He is the Mediator of the Brit Chadasha, by means of His death, for the geulah of the sins that were done in the first brit, so that those who are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

16 For where a will is presented it shows the death of its maker.

17 For a will is in force only after men are dead: otherwise it is useless while its maker lives.

18 For this reason, not even the first will was dedicated without dahm.

19 For when Moshe had spoken every precept to all the people according to the Torah, he took the dahm of calves, with mayim and scarlet wool and hyssop and sprinkled both the scroll and all the people,

20 Saying, This is the dahm of the will which YHUH has commanded for you.

21 In like manner later, he sprinkled with dahm both the Tent of Meeting and all the vessels of the service.

22 And almost all things are by the Torah purged with dahm; and without the shedding of dahm there is no forgiveness.

23 It was therefore necessary that the images of the heavenly things should be purified with these; although the heavenly objects serve to host a better sacrifice than these.

24 For The Moshiach is not entered into the Kadosh-Place made with hands, which is an image of the emet one; but into the shamayim itself, now to appear in the presence of YHUH for us:

25 For He does not need to offer Himself often, as the Kohen HaGadol who enters into the Kadosh HaKedoshim every year with dahm that is not His own;

26 For then He would have to suffer often from the foundation of the olam: but now once at the end of the olam hazeh, He has appeared to abolish sin by the sacrifice of Himself.

27 And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the mishpat:

28 So Moshiach was once offered to bear the sins of many; and to those that look for Him shall He appear the second time for our deliverance, this time not carrying our sins.

10 For the Torah having a shadow of tov things to come and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually, make those who draw near perfect.

2 Otherwise would they not have ceased to be offered? Because then the worshippers once cleansed, should have had no more awareness of their sins.

3 But in those sacrifices there is a yearly reminder of sins.

4 For it is impossible that the dahm of bulls and goats can take away sins.

5 Therefore when He comes into the olam hazeh, He says, Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but a gooff You have prepared for Me:

6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have had no pleasure.

7 Then said I, Behold, I come: in the volume of the scroll and chapter, it is written of Me, to do Your will, O YHUH.

8 In the above quote when He said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin You did not desire, neither do You have pleasure in them; which are offered according to the Torah;

9 Then He said, Behold, I come to do Your will, O YHUH.He takes away the first sacrificial system, that He may establish the second.

10 By that desire we are now kadosh through the offering of the gooff of YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach once for all.

11 And every kohen stands daily serving and offering the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

12 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins le-olam-va-ed, sat down as the right Hand of YHUH;

13 Waiting from then on until all His enemies are made His footstool.

14 For by one offering He has perfected le-olam-va-ed them that are being set apart.

15 And The Ruach Hakodesh also is a witness for us: for after that He had said before,

16 This is the brit that I will make with them after those yamim, says The Master YHUH, I will put My Torot into their levavot and in their minds will I write them;

17 And their sins and Torah-less-ness will I remember no more.

18 Now where forgiveness of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

19 Having therefore, Yisraelite brothers, boldness to enter into the Makom Kadosh by the dahm of YAHUSHA-YHUH,

20 By a new and living derech, which He has set apart for us, through the veil, that is to say, His flesh;

21 And having a Kohen HaGadol over the Beit HaMikdash of YHUH;

22 Let us draw near with a emet lev in full assurance of emunah, having our levavot sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure mayim.

23 Let us hold fast the confession of our emunah without wavering; (for He is faithful that promised;)

24 And let us care for one another to stir up ahava and tov mitzvoth:

25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as you see the Yom approaching.

26 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the da’at of The Emet, there remains no more sacrifice for sins,

27 But a certain fearful anticipation of mishpat and fire, which shall devour His enemies.

28 He that despised Moshe’s Torah died without rachamim under two, or three witnesses:

29 Of how much worse punishment, do you think, he shall deserve, who has trampled under foot The Son of YHUH and has counted the dahm of the brit, by which he was made kadosh as a common thing and has insulted The Ruach of chen?

30 For we know Him that has said, Vengeance belongs to Me, I will repay, says The Master YHUH. And again, YHUH shall judge His people.

31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living Ahloha.

32 But remember the former yamim, in which, after you were immersed in mikvah, you endured great fights and sufferings;

33 On one hand you were exposed to reproaches and pressures; and on the other hand you became sharers with those who were so treated.

34 And you had pity on those who were prisoners and you allowed the seizure of your property cheerfully, for you yourselves know that you have a better and more enduring possession in the shamayim.

35 Do not lose your confidence, which has great reward.

36 For you have need of patience, that, after you have done the will of YHUH, you will receive the promise.

37 In yet a little while, He that shall come will come and will not tarry.

38 But the just shall live by My emunah: but if anyone draws back, My being shall have no pleasure in him.

39 But we are not of those who draw back to perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the being.

11 Now emunah is the substance of things now hoped for, as it was the substance of things which have already come to pass, as it is the evidence of things not yet seen.

2 For by it zichnai –Yisrael obtained a tov report.

3 Through emunah we understand that the olamim were framed by The Word of Ahloha, so that things that are seen were made by the invisible.

4 By emunah Hevel offered to YHUH a more excellent sacrifice than Qayin, by which he obtained witness that he was tzadik, YHUH testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaks.

5 By emunah Chanok was translated that he should not see death; and was not found because YHUH had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony; that he pleased YHUH.

6 But without emunah it is impossible to please Him: for he that comes to YHUH must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those that diligently seek Him.

7 By emunah Noach, being warned by YHUH of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, made an ark to save his bayit; by it he condemned the olam and became heir of the tzedakah that is by emunah.

8 By emunah Avraham, when he was called to go out into a place that he would later receive as an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing where he was going.

9 By emunah he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tents with Yitzchak and Yaakov, the heirs with him of the same promise:

10 For he looked for a city that has foundations, whose Builder and Maker is YHUH.

11 Through emunah also Sarah herself received strength to conceive offspring and was delivered of a child when she was past age because she deemed Him faithful who had promised.

12 Therefore sprang forth one, from him almost dead; and then later others, as many as the cochavim of the sky in multitude and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.

13 These all died in emunah, not having received the heavenly promised land, but having seen it far off and were persuaded of it and embraced it and confessed that they were gerim and pilgrims on the earth.

14 For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.

15 And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from where they came out, they might have had the opportunity to return.

16 But now they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one: therefore YHUH is not ashamed to be called their Ahloha: for He has prepared for them a city.

17 By emunah Avraham, when he was tried, offered up Yitzchak: and he that had received the promises offered up his only brought-forth son,

18 Of whom it was said, That in Yitzchak shall your zera be called:

19 Accounting that YHUH was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from where also he received him in a figure.

20 By emunah Yitzchak blessed Yaakov and Esav concerning things to come.

21 By emunah Yaakov, when he was dying, blessed both the sons of Yoseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff.

22 By emunah Yoseph, when he died, made mention of the exodus of B’nai Yisrael; and gave them a commandment concerning his bones.

23 By emunah Moshe, when he was born, was hidden three chodashem by his parents because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the melech’s commandment.

24 By emunah Moshe, when he was grown, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter;

25 Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of YHUH, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a short while;

26 Esteeming the reproach of The Moshiach as greater riches than the treasures in Mitzrayim: for he looked forward to receive the reward.

27 By emunah he forsook Mitzrayim, not fearing the wrath of the melech: for he endured, as seeing Him who is invisible.

28 Through emunah he kept the Pesach and the sprinkling of dahm, lest He that destroyed the bachorim should touch them.

29 By emunah they passed through the Yam Suf on dry land: which the Mitzrites attempting to do were drowned.

30 By emunah the walls of Yericho fell down, after they were circled around for seven yamim.

31 By emunah the harlot Rachav did not perish with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with shalom.

32 And what more shall I say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gidyon and of Baraq and of Shimshon and of Yiftach; of Dawid also and Shmuel and of the neviim:

33 Who through emunah subdued malchutim, worked tzedakah, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,

34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, became valiant in fight, routed the armies of the foreigners.

35 Women received their dead raised to chayim again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection:

36 And others had trials of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes and also chains and imprisonment:

37 They were stoned, they were sawn apart, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;

38 (Of whom this olam was not worthy; they wandered in deserts and in mountains and in dens and caves of the earth).

39 And these all, having obtained a tov report through emunah, received not the promise:

40 YHUH having provided for us too; so that they without us should not be made perfect.

12 Therefore seeing that we also are surrounded with so great a cloud of Yisraelite witnesses, let us lay aside every weight and the sin that does so easily beset us and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

2 Looking to YAHUSHA-YHUH the Author and Finisher of our emunah; who for the simcha that was set before Him endured the execution eytz, despising the shame and has sat down as the right hand of the kesay of YHUH.

3 For consider Him that suffered such opposition from those sinners against Himself, from those who opposed their own beings, so that you do not become discouraged, nor your being become remiss.

4 Ye have not yet resisted to dahm, striving against sin.

5 And you have forgotten the exhortation that speaks to you as to children, My son, despise not the chastening of The Master YHUH, nor grow weak when you are rebuked by Him:

6 For whom The Master YHUH loves He chastens and scourges every son whom He receives.

7 If you endure discipline, YHUH deals with you as with sons; for what son does The Abba not discipline?

8 But if you are without discipline, by which we all are trained, then are you gerim and not sons.

9 Furthermore we have had ahvot of our flesh who corrected us and we gave them respect: shall we not much rather be subject to The Abba of Ruachim and live?

10 For they truly for a few yamim disciplined us after their own binah; but He for our profit, that we might be partakers of His kadosh nature.

11 Now no discipline for the present seems to be fun, but sorrowful: nevertheless afterwards, it yields fruits of shalom to those who are trained by that discipline.

12 Therefore lift up the hands that hang down and the feeble knees;

13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the derech; but let it rather be healed.

14 Follow shalom with all men and set apartness-kedushah, without which no man shall see YHUH:

15 Taking heed lest any man fall short of the chen of YHUH; lest any root of bitterness spring up to harm you and by which many be defiled;

16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esav, who for one morsel of meat sold his bechora.

17 For you know how that afterwards, when he would have inherited the bracha, he was rejected: for he had no chance of recovering it, though he sought it carefully with tears.

18 For you have not come to the har that might be touched and that burned with fire, nor to blackness and darkness and tempest,

19 And the sound of a shofar and the voice of words; which voice they that heard begged that The Word should not be spoken to them anymore:

20 For they could not endure what was commanded and if so much as a beast touched the har, it was to be stoned, or thrust through with a spear:

21 And so terrible was the sight that Moshe said, I exceedingly fear and quake:

22 But you have come to Har Tzion and to the city of the living Ahloha, the heavenly Yahrushalayim and to an innumerable multitude of heavenly malachim,

23 To the gathering and kehilla of the bachorim, that is enrolled in the shamayim and to YHUH the Shophet of all and to the ruachim of tzadikim made perfect,

24 And to YAHUSHA-YHUH the Mediator of the Brit Chadasha and to the dahm of sprinkling, that speaks better things than that of Hevel.

25 See that you refuse Him not that speaks. For if they escaped not who refused him that spoke on earth, how much more shall we not escape, if we turn away from Him that speaks from the shamayim:

26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now He has promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also the shamayim.

27 And this Word, Yet once more, signifies the removing of those things that are shaken, the things that have been made, so that those things that cannot be shaken may remain.

28 Therefore receiving a malchut that cannot be moved, let us have chen, by which we may serve YHUH acceptably with reverence and fear:

29 For our Ahloha is a consuming fire.

13 Let Yisraelite brotherly ahava continue.

2 Be not forgetful to entertain gerim: for in that manner some have entertained heavenly malachim unaware.

3 Remember them that are in prison, as in prison with them; and them who suffer adversity, for you also are human.

4 Marriage is honorable in all situations and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers YHUH will judge.

5 Let your behavior be without greed; and be content with such things as you have: for The Master YHUH Himself has said, I will never leave you, nor forsake you.

6 So that we may boldly say, YHUH is my Helper and I will not fear what man shall do to me.

7 Remember those who lead you, who have spoken to you The Word of YHUH: whose outcome follow, imitate their mitzvoth and emunah.

8 YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach the same yesterday and today and le-olam-va-ed.

9 Be not carried about with different and strange doctrines. For it is a tov thing that the lev is established with chen; not with foods, which has not profited those that have been occupied with that.

10 We have an altar, from which they have no right to eat, who serve the earthly Tent of Meeting.

11 For the bodies of those beasts, whose dahm is brought into the Kadosh-Place by the Kohen HaGadol for sin, are burned outside the camp.

12 Therefore YAHUSHA-YHUH also, that He might set apart the people of Yisrael with His own dahm, suffered outside the gate.

13 Let us go forth therefore to Him outside the camp, bearing His reproach.

14 For we have no lasting city here, but we seek the one to come.

15 By Him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of tehilla to YHUH continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving hodu to His Name.

16 But to do tov and to share don’t forget: for with such sacrifices YHUH is well pleased.

17 Shema to your spiritual leaders and obey them: for they watch for your beings, as those that must give account to YHUH, that they may do it with simcha and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.

18 Make tefillot for us: for we trust we have a tov conscience, in all things willing to live honestly.

19 But I ask you exceedingly to do this, that I may be restored to you sooner.

20 Now the Ahloha of shalom, that brought again from the dead our Master YAHUSHA-YHUH, that Great Roei of the sheep, through the dahm of the everlasting brit,

21 Make you perfect in every tov mitzvah to do His will, working in you that which is well pleasing in His sight, through YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach; to whom be tifereth le-olam-va-ed. Ahmein.

22 And I beg you, Yisraelite brothers, allow for this Word of exhortation: for I have written a letter to you with just a few words.

23 Know that our brother Timtheous has been set free; if he comes shortly, I will see you with him.

24 Salute all your spiritual leaders and all the Yisraelite kidushim. The Yisraelites of Italy salute you.

25 Chen be with you all. Ahmein. X


  • 1:2 The true Creator.

  • 1:4 The Name of YAH.

  • 1:5 Plurality in one.

  • 1:9 Messiah has an Eloha and Messiah is not just another Name for The Father, but is His brought-forth Son.

  • 1:9 Messiah has an Eloha, even though He is Eloha.

  • 2:1 These warnings to believing Israel are sprinkled throughout the Renewed Covenant and should be very sobering to the faithful.

  • 2:2 Torah was given with the assistance of heavenly messengers.

  • 2:8 Except The Father Himself of course.

  • 2:9 Peshitta.

  • 2:10 Of Israel.

  • 2:11 In YAH and in Israel.

  • 2:12 Any faith, or religion that does not do what Messiah did, which is teach The Father's only true Name to the brethren in the congregation, is not Messiah's ministry, though it may be one of their own making.

  • 2:13 Of Israel and of YAH.

  • 2:14 Of Israel.

  • 2:17 Of Israel.

  • 3:2 House of Israel where Moses served.

  • 3:3 Messiah is the builder of Renewed Covenant Israel, whereas Moses served in that house. The builder is always greater than the worker in the house. This contrasts the greatness of Messiah and Moses to these Hebrews, a continuing problem to modern-day Nazarenes who desire to see Moses, or Torah on some sort of equal footing with Messiah, a problem prevalent in the first century as well. There simply is no equal comparison between the Creator and the created.

  • 3:5 First-Covenant Israel was a foreshadow of the renewal that was to come through the Builder Himself.

  • 3:9 The Spirit that speaks today is begging Renewed Covenant Israel to do differently and have different results than the death of our fathers. He wants us to obey and have eternal life.

  • 4:2 Other non-believing, or drawing-back Yisraelites.

  • 4:7 A second chance to a hardened people.

  • 4:9 YAH’s people esteem that second chance through obedience to all manner of rest that He has prepared for us as witnessed by our weekly Shabbat observance.

  • 4:14 Making confession in Messiah as YAH’s Son is the easy part. Holding onto that confession without succumbing to deception and seducing teachings, is the challenge for all Israel. Finishing the race is what determines if you enter the eternal Shabbat.

  • 5:2 Peshitta.

  • 5:2 The High Priest can have mercy on those going astray, but cannot bring them back. Only the eternal High Priest Messiah, who loves the deceived despite their ignorance and deception, can do that.

  • 5:9 The emphasis is on obeying.

  • 5:11 YAH wanted to reveal many mysteries of Malki-Tzedek through the centuries to believers, but because of their falling away from Messiah into forms of first-century Judaism and false Jewish concepts, He simply cannot speak about these advanced topics. Nothing has changed. Today we spend much time chasing many who have exchanged Messiah for Moses and monotheism in plurality for extreme monotheism that denies The Son and The Father as one. Therefore many mysteries of the faith remain veiled and unexplored, until end times seers are raised up.

  • 5:12 Torah.

  • 6:2 The things religion calls crucial, the word calls elementary. The problem with today’s believers is called "Believer’s Boredom,” where they cannot enter the deep things of YAH because, every week they are told by false teachers to stay away from Torah and delve deeper into the elementary school program of Messiah. The problem then results in Yisraelites staying home, completely bored, dazed and confused. Only the truth of Torah, Messiah and the eternal matters of the Commonwealth of Israel can keep us busy, on fire and maturing in the faith.

  • 6:4 Peshitta perfectly fits with the context in verse 2.

  • 6:6 Let this word be a loving warning to all those on the verge of denying the Renewed Covenant and Messiah’s gift of eternal life in favor of Jewish fables. A man, or woman who falls away fully in their heart, cannot return, regardless of one’s effort to reach them, or their seeming openness to listen. Scripture soberly tells us that if they have tasted the life of the new wine and fall away, it becomes impossible to renew them to life. What they have done is they have impaled Messiah again and shamed Him openly before the world by falling away, a supposed weakness before this world that seems to indicate that Messiah can’t even guard His own.

  • 6:8 Burned with cessation of being. That is the Scriptural destination of those who start out as believers, but wind up in some perversion of the truth about The Father and His Son.

  • 6:10 All of His work done His way will have His rewards. One manifestation of His work is the proclaiming of the Good News in the true Name as seen here.

  • 6:11 Endurance, endurance, endurance are the three keys in YAH’s word.

  • 6:14 Notice that this one promise to Abraham of physical multiplicity dominates Scripture in both covenants, for from it comes a nation whose seed filled the globe, a Messiah who saves that globe and YAH’s manifold chochmah and kingdom declared in that same congregation. Believing this promise saved Abraham. As Abraham’s children, do we believe what Abraham believed about the fullness of the nations?

  • 6:15 Not in its end-time fulfillment, but being the first recipient of it.

  • 6:16 By invoking the Name of YAH according to the Torah command in Deuteronomy 10:20.

  • 6:17 To Israel.

  • 6:19 Our hope and promise is within the veil and penetrates within the veil, but we ourselves do not enter there. Only Messiah can do that.

  • 6:20 He entered as High Priest, not we who are merely kohanim.

  • 7:1 The Dabar YHUH was not an earthly king and need not be king over the literal land of Salem, as were other Malki-Tzedeks. The understanding here of the word Salem is The King of healing and wholeness.

  • 7:3 This simply means that the Malki-Tzedek in Abraham’s time, was the immortal Dabar-Word of YHUH. Messiah after His inc arnation, was born into that existing order and became the final Malki-Tzedek, as The Dabar-Word of YHUH. In this verse the author states that both The Dabar YHUH that met Abraham and the One sworn into that order by the oath of YAH The Father, are not listed or recorded anywhere as humans or angels, all of whom have had a start to life or exsistence. Every human and every angel are created beings and thus this refers to The Dabar YHUH, The New Covenant Logos-Miltha, as it literally reads in Psaml 110:4, Dabar-Tee, My Word Malki-Tzedek. This could not have been YAH The Father, as no man like Abraham can see YAH The Father and still live. Even Enoch who was made immortal was born and is recorded by geneology.

  • 7:4 The Dabar YHUH.

  • 7:6 The Dabar YHUH.

  • 7:7 The Dabar YHUH.

  • 7:8 Levitical kohanim.

  • 7:8 The Dabar YHUH.

  • 7:9 As part of Israel.

  • 7:11 By definition in order to be placed into the order of Malki-Tzedek, it had to exist prior to Messiah. and by definition, The incarnate Messiah, could not have been exactly the same as the Malki-Tzedek, that met Abraham, who was The Dabar YHUH before His Incarnation.

  • 7:12 The Torah was not done away with, but adjusted, or slightly altered, to accommodate a better, more complete priesthood and sacrifice. Strong’s Greek # 3346 metatithaymee means “moved from one place to another, not eliminated.” So the priesthood was shifted, not eliminated. Shifted from Aaron back to Malki-Tzedek and from Leviticus back to Genesis, still within the Torah itself.

  • 7:15 Notice that Messiah was like Malki-Tzedek, so He could not have also been the same as the Malki-Tzedek that met Abraham. The Greek word here is similar not the same. The Dabar-The Word, was not yet incarnate as Messiah.

  • 7:17 Psalm 110:4 reads Dabar-Tee, My Word.

  • 7:18 Not a setting-aside of the entire Torah, but only the transfer of the Levitical priesthood back to the restored order of Malki-Tzedek. This is not a replacement of Torah by the Renewed Covenant, rather, one priesthood is re-established instead of the other by transfer within the nation of Israel itself.

  • 7:19 Pertaining to atonement and foregiveness and the final redemption of the soul. Those Torah sacrifices and the Levitical priesthood were not empowered to do that.

  • 7:20 Lamsa’s Peshitta p.1200.

  • 7:24 The Dabar YHUH.

  • 8:6 Strong’s Greek # 2909; kreitton meaning “more advantageous,” or “more useful,” as opposed to strictly “better.”

  • 8:6 Strong’s Greek # 3549; nomotheteo translated as established in most translations, is better translated as “to enact law,” or “sanction by law,” meaning the Renewed Covenant is established by virtue of the fact that it is given as The Torah renewed in us.

  • 8:8 The Torah and First Covenant were not the problem. The problem as clearly stated here was with them. The next verse qualifies the “them.”

  • 8:8 Both houses had faults, causing the need for a new priesthood, a new sacrifice and a Renewed Covenant. According to this promise quoted from Jeremiah 31:31, there are no nations in the Renewed Covenant, as it was cut exclusively with Israel's two houses. Those two houses are Jews and Efraimites, not Jews and nations. Of course, non-biological Yisraelites also join as the chaverim/ friends of Israel (Ezekiel 37:16-17).

  • 8:8 Note also that Paul, or Barnabas (the author of Hebrews) in his era also considered Israel divided and Efrayim as being still assimilated in the nations. This reference here alone fully and totally refutes any fictitious claims that the two houses reunited 525 years before Paul, or Barnabas wrote Hebrews, during the return of Judah from Babylon.

  • 8:9 An anti-missionary favorite. The text was changed from “though I was a husband to them,” to “I disregarded them.” The reason for the change is that this paraphrase is not meant to be an exact quote. Rather it is a paraphrase to show that only one generation of Israel was discarded, not the whole nation. That is, the one-generation that died in the wilderness was discarded, without the entire nation being discarded. The point is that those who don’t enter the Renewed Covenant will be discarded like those in the wilderness and not that all Yisraelites will be replaced by a gentile church. Therefore this is not a text that teaches that the church is the “New Israel,” or that the Jews have been discarded.

  • 8:10 The Renewed Covenant is not only designed to bring eternal life and forgiveness to all Israel, but also to take the eternal Torah and place it within the hearts of the returning Efraimites, who will then have the desire to freely obey it. This promise of a subsequent work in Efrayim-Israel after salvation in the Renewed Covenant is what we see today. Judah is not mentioned here because they come into the Renewed Covenant with a decent grasp of Torah (though not always living it) and therefore YAH focuses in on Efrayim’s return to Torah.

  • 8:11 Aramaic Peshitta phrase is bar medintheh, literally “son of the state,” or nation.

  • 8:13 The added word “brit” in most translations, does not appear in any Greek, or Aramaic texts. The topic for these chapters is the passing of the prior priesthood, to the renewed order of Malki-Tzedek and not of the doing away with the Torah, in favor of a new brit.

  • 8:13 The first thing to grasp is that the topic through these chapters is the priesthood. So what is about to grow old and pass away is the priesthood that then ministered in the Temple. Not the Torah itself. Even the language bears this out, as the term “near disappearing” means that the Temple had not yet been destroyed and therefore the Levitical priesthood was still functional despite Messiah's role as the High Priest in the order of Malki-Tzedek. In essence then, this is a prophesy of the Temple’s imminent destruction, along with all its altars, priesthood and functions, that will soon be gone, or altered.

  • 9:1 The added word “brit” in most translations, does not appear in any Greek, or Aramaic texts. Clearly in context the subject is still the Lewitical priesthood.

  • 9:4 Peshitta: Besma, or golden censer, not altar as in the Greek.

  • 9:8 Meaning Messiah's way into the Holy of Holies was not accomplished as long as the earthly kohanim did their service. Our way into the Set-Apart Place also was not made manifest. It does not mean that believers enter the Holy of Holies. None do. The veil that ripped was that of the Hekel/ Holy Place curtain, gaining us access into the Holy Place, as our High Priest does His work alone in the Holy of Holies, a place to where no believers have ever gone, for we are kohanim not the High Priest of the nation.

  • 9:9 Temple and Tabernacle services.

  • 9:10 Reformation of the priesthood and not the annulling of the Torah.

  • 9:10 The rebuilt Tabernacle of David.

  • 9:23 Peshitta.

  • 9:24 If all believers were High Priests in the Holy of Holies as religion teaches, we wouldn’t need Messiah to be there for us.

  • 9:27 No such thing as reincarnation.

  • 10:5 Accurately quoting the LXX.

  • 10:9 Takes away the first sacrificial system and priesthood to establish the second. Not referring to Torah itself.

  • 10:19 We can enter the Holy Place but not the Holy of Holies.

  • 10:21 Israel.

  • 10:25 Some do not guard YAH’s feasts and are considered unaware of the times and moadem of His return.

  • 10:29 This is another warning to those who leave the faith and not to unbelievers. It is worse to have the truth and then abandon it, than to never have known and experienced the truth. The Hebraic idiomatic expression “trample under foot” means to erase Messiah and His blood from the Torah equation and try to attain right-standing with YAH based on other criteria. Those who deny Messiah in the end have brought great insult to YAH’s love and Spirit.

  • 10:30 YAH judges Israel.

  • 10:32 A call to repentance for Hebrews who wind up denying Messiah.

  • 10:34 Our future inheritance is in the heavens where the Tabernacle and the High Priest are. Heaven as the home for the Yisraelite is not a Greco-Roman pagan doctrine, as can be seen here and elsewhere, though one day heaven and earth will meet and become one.

  • 10:36 Patience for reward can overcome temptation to fall away and return to rabbinic Judaism, or any other religion.

  • 10:38 Israel is called to have faith in Messiah and the faith of Messiah and walk as He walked.

  • 10:39 If anyone turns back and denies Messiah after believing, YAH will have no pleasure in that action, or in the eternal second death of the one drawing back. Yisraelites are expected to move forward, not turn back. We are called to be Israel, not Mrs. Lot.

  • 11:1 Peshitta takes faith into account in the past, present and future applications.

  • 11:2 What is so beautiful about this hall of fame roll of esteem, is that it proves that since the beginning of humanity, YAH has always had one (not two) group of elect. Not Israel and the church, or Jew and Gentile, but rather one community of faith. This is heaven’s perspective.

  • 11:5 See Sefer Chanok for his amazing record and witness.

  • 11:9 The promise of physical multiplicity.

  • 11:12 See footnote on Hebrews 11:9.

  • 11:13 Peshitta. Heaven contextually inferred by verse 16.

  • 11:16 Not a pagan hope. It is a core Hebraic doctrine.

  • 11:16 The Renewed Jerusalem.

  • 11:19 As a figure, or type of the coming Messiah who would die as opposed to Isaac.

  • 11:26 Moses had a basic understanding of Messiah.

  • 11:40 Meaning all believers of all times are Israel and all will inherit the kingdom as one and not separately in some sort of dispensational reckoning.

  • 12:1 All Israel.

  • 12:3 Peshitta.

  • 12:4 His battle against sin caused His blood to be spilled. Our fight to rule over sin though difficult, has yet to result in that same high cost.

  • 12:8 Personal discipline by YAH in our lives is a sure sign that we are Israel and not gerim/strangers, or goyim/nations.

  • 12:10 To make Israel back into the original nation of kohanim.

  • 12:16 Efraimites stuck in Christianity, who don’t take the two-house message and their identity seriously, act the same way. Since you have the birthright, you should not take it lightly, nor trade it in for other psuedo-truths.

  • 12:17 Of the firstborn. Efrayim remains YAH’s eternal firstborn. Don’t let go of that right.

  • 12:23 Restoration and regathering of all the exiles into one set apart congregation.

  • 12:23 According to Shemoth/Exodus 4:22-23, that firstborn congregation is eternally Israel. Let your part in Israel sink in deep.

  • 12:23 Departed justified spirits go to heaven and the body and nephesh, or the being, goes into the dust waiting for the day of resurrection.

  • 12:27 Only eternal matters and eternal things not created for corruption will survive the final shaking known as “the time of Jacob’s Trouble.”

  • 13:1 Written to Hebrews, so He must mean between both houses that have entered the Renewed Covenant.

  • 13:2 Non-Yisraelites (non-believers), or even heavenly messengers.

  • 13:8 That means He taught and kept Torah then. And had Israel as a collective bride then. Since He is the same forever, it is His followers who have changed for the worse into anti-Torah lifestyles and cultures, all the while professing Him as King.

  • 13:9 Strange, as in strangers, as in non-Torah teachings and customs.

  • 13:9 We are to be more preoccupied with spiritual matters than with foods, diets, herbs and weight loss.

  • 13:10 Outside the camp in the east, facing west, where Golgotha was.

  • 13:15 Without His true Name, the thanksgiving is not considered kosher.