To The Believing Remnant Of Yisrael

1 Shaul, a sholiach of YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach by the will of YHUH, to the Yisraelite kidushim which are at Ephsiyah and to the faithful Yisraelites in Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH:

2 Unmerited chen be to you and shalom, from YHUH our Abba and from The Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach.

3 Blessed be the Ahloha and Abba of our Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach, who has blessed us with all spiritual brachot in the shamayim in Moshiach:

4 Even as He has chosen us in Him before the foundation of the olam, that we should be kadosh and without spot before Him in ahava:

5 Having predestinated us for the adoption of children by YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach to Himself, according to the tov pleasure of His will,

6 To the tehilla of the tifereth of His unmerited chen, by which He has made us accepted in the Beloved.

7 In whom we have geulah through His dahm, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His unmerited chen;

8 Which He has abounded toward us in all chochmah and binah;

9 Having made known to us the sod of His will, according to His tov pleasure which He has purposed in Himself:

10 That in the administration of the fullness of times He might gather together in one all things in Moshiach, both which are in the shamayim and which are on the earth; even in Him:

11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of Him who works all things after the counsel of His own will:

12 That we should be the tehilla of His tifereth, who were the first to trust in The Moshiach.

13 In whom you also trusted, after you heard The Word of emet, The Besorah of your YAHUSHA-YHUH: in whom also, after you believed, were then sealed with The Ruach Hakodesh of promise,

14 Who is the pledge from YHUH of our future inheritance until the geulah of the purchased possession, our bodies, to the tehilla of His tifereth.

15 Therefore, after I heard of your emunah in The Master YAHUSHA-YHUH and your ahava to all the Yisraelite kidushim,

16 I do not stop to give hodu for you, making mention of you in my tefillot;

17 That the Ahloha of our Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach, The Abba of tifereth, may give to you The Ruach of chochmah and revelation in the da’at of Him:

18 So that the eyes of your lev being enlightened; to know what is the tikvah of His calling and what are the riches of the tifereth of His inheritance in the Yisraelite kidushim,

19 And what is the exceeding greatness of His Power to us, who believe, according to the working of His mighty Power,

20 Which He worked in Moshiach, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him as His own right hand in the shamayim,

21 Far above all principality and Power and might and dominion and every name that is named, not only in the olam hazeh, but also in the olam haba:

22 And has put all things under His feet and gave Him to be the head over all things in the Yisraelite kehilla,

23 Which is His gooff, the complete extension of Him who fills all in all.

2 And you has He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

2 In which in times past you walked according to the course of this olam, according to the sar of the power of the air, the ruach that now operates in Torah-breaking children:

3 Among whom also we all used to have our conduct in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of our flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as were others.

4 But YHUH, who is rich in rachamim, for His great ahava through which He loved us,

5 Even when we were dead in our sins, has made us alive together with Moshiach – by unmerited chen you are saved –

6 And has raised us up together and made us sit together in the heavenly places in Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH:

7 That in the olam haba He might show the exceeding riches of His unmerited chen in chesed toward us through Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH.

8 For by unmerited chen are you saved through emunah; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of YHUH:

9 Not by our mitzvoth, lest any man should boast.

10 For we are His masterpiece, recreated in The Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH to tov mitzvoth, which YHUH has ordained beforehand that we should perform as our halacha.

11 Therefore remember, that you being in times past goyim in the flesh, who are called The Uncircumcision by those called the Brit-Milah in the flesh made by hands;

12 That at that time you were without Moshiach, being excluded, aliens from the Commonwealth of Yisrael, as gerim from the britot of promise, having no tikvah and without Ahloha in the olam hazeh:

13 But now in Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH you who sometimes were far off are made near by the dahm of Moshiach.

14 For He is our shalom, who has made both echad, and has broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

15 Having abolished in His flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in human dogma; for to make in Himself from the two one renewed man, so making shalom;

16 And that He might reconcile both to YHUH in one gooff by the execution stake, having slain the enmity through it:

17 And came and proclaimed shalom to you who were far off, and to them that were near.

18 For through Him we both have access by one Ruach to Abba.

19 Now therefore you are no more gerim and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the Yisraelite kidushim, forming the household of YHUH; Beit Yisrael.

20 Beit Yisrael is built upon the foundation of the shlichim and neviim, YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach Himself being the Rosh Pina;

21 In whom all the bayit being joined together grows into a kadosh Beit HaMikdash in YHUH:

22 In whom you also are being built together as the Beit HaMikdash of Ahloha through The Ruach.

3 For this cause I Shaul, am the prisoner of YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach for the goyim,

2 If you have heard of the administration of the unmerited chen of YHUH which is given to me for you:

3 How that by revelation He made known to me the sod; as I wrote before in few words,

4 So that, when you read this, you may understand my da’at into the sod of The Moshiach;

5 Which in other olamim was not made known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to His kadosh shlichim and neviim by the Ruach;

6 That the goyim should be fellow heirs, united in shalom in the same gooff and partakers of His promise in Moshiach by The Besorah:

7 Of which I was made an eved, according to the gift of the unmerited chen of YHUH given to me by the working of His Power.

8 To me, who am the least of all Yisraelite kidushim, is this unmerited chen given, that I should proclaim among the goyim the unsearchable riches of Moshiach;

9 And that all men would see what is the purpose of the administration of this sod, which from the beginning of the olam has been hidden in YHUH, who created all things by YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach:

10 For the intent that now through the one reunited Yisraelite kehilla, principalities and authorities in the shamayim might learn the manifold chochmah of YHUH,

11 According to the eternal purpose that He purposed in Moshiach YAHUSHA-YHUH our Master:

12 In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the emunah in Him.

13 So I desire that you faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your tifereth.

14 For this cause I bow my knees to The Abba of our Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach,

15 Of whom the whole mishpacha in the shamayim and on the earth is named,

16 That He would grant you, according to the riches of His tifereth, to be strengthened with might by His Ruach in your inner man;

17 That Moshiach may dwell in your levavot by emunah; that you, being rooted and grounded in ahava,

18 May be able to comprehend with all the Yisraelite kidushim what is the width and length and depth and height;

19 To know the ahava of Moshiach, which passes human da’at; that you might be filled with all the fullness of YHUH.

20 Now to Him that is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask, or think, according to The Power that is at work in us,

21 To Him be tifereth in the Yisraelite kehilla through Moshiach

Yahusha-YHUH throughout all olamim, le-olam-va-ed. Ahmein.

4 I therefore, the prisoner of YAHUSHA-YHUH, beg of you that your halacha is worthy of the rank to which you are called,

2 With all humility and meekness, with patience, bearing with one another in ahava;

3 Being eager to guard the unity of The Ruach in the bond of shalom.

4 There is one gooff and one Ruach, even as you are called in one tikvah of your calling;

5 One Master YHUH, one emunah, one mikvah,

6 One Ahloha and Abba of us all, who is above us all and through us all and in you all.

7 But to every one of us is given unmerited chen according to the measure of the gift of The Moshiach.

8 That is why it says, When He ascended up on high, He led captivity captive, and gave spiritual gifts to men.

9 Now that He ascended, what is it but that He also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?

10 He that descended is the same One also that ascended far above all the shamayim, that He might fill all things.

11 And He gave some, shlichim; and some, neviim; and some, proclaimers; and some, roehim and morim;

12 For the purpose of perfecting of the Yisraelite kidushim, for the mitzvoth of service, for the rebuilding of the gooff of Moshiach:

13 Until we all come into the unity of national emunah and the full da’at of The Son of YHUH, into a mature and perfect man, according to the same measure and the same stature of the fullness that Moshiach Himself has:

14 That we should no longer be children, tossed around by waves and carried away with every wind of teaching, by the tricks of men and human cleverness, used by those who lie in wait to deceive you;

15 But speaking the emet in ahava, that we may progress and grow through Him, who is the Head of kol Yisrael, even The Moshiach:

16 From whom the whole gooff joined and knit together by what every joint supplies, according to the working of every member doing its share, causing growth for the gooff, building itself up in ahava.

17 This I say therefore and testify in YHUH, that from now on you conduct your halacha not as other goyim walk, in the vanity of their mind,

18 Having their binah darkened, being alienated from the chayim of Ahloha through the ignorance that is in them because of the blindness of their lev:

19 Who being past feeling have given themselves over to indecency, to perform all uncleanness with greediness.

20 But you have not learned your chayim in Moshiach that way;

21 If you have heard about Him and have been taught by Him, as the emet is in YAHUSHA-YHUH.

22 That you put off concerning the former way of chayim the old man, which is degenerated with deceitful lusts;

23 And be renewed in the ruach of your mind;

24 And that you put on the renewed man, which after Ahloha is recreated in tzedakah and real set apartness.

25 Therefore put away lying and speak every man the emet with his neighbor: for we are members one of another.

26 Be angry, but sin not: let not the shemesh go down upon your wrath:

27 Do not give s.a.tan a chance, or opening.

28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing that is tov, that he may have something to give to him that needs.

29 Let no lashon hara proceed out of your mouth, but that, which is tov and useful for edification, that it may impart brachot to the hearers.

30 And grieve not The Ruach Hakodesh of YHUH, by whom you are sealed for Yom HaGeulah.

31 Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and loud yelling and lashon hara, be put away from you, along with all malice:

32 And be kind towards one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as YHUH for Moshiach’s sake has already forgiven you.

5 Be therefore followers of YHUH, as dear children;

2 And have a halacha of ahava, as Moshiach also has loved us and has given Himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to YHUH for a sweet smelling fragrance.

3 But fornication and all uncleanness, or greed for gain, let it not be even once named among you, as is fitting for kidushim in Yisrael;

4 Neither cursing, nor foolish talking, nor insults, not even flattery, since none of these are necessary: but rather the giving of hodu.

5 For this you know, that no fornicator, no unclean person, no covetous man, no one who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the malchut of Moshiach and of YHUH.

6 Let no man deceive you with meaningless words: for because of these things comes the wrath of YHUH upon the children of disobedience.

7 Be not partakers with them.

8 For you were once darkness, but now are you in The Ohr of YHUH: have your halacha as children of Ohr:

9 For the fruits of Ohr are found in chesed and tzedakah and emet;

10 Learn to discern what is acceptable to YHUH.

11 And have no chavurah with the unfruitful deeds of darkness, but rather condemn them.

12 For it is a shame to even speak of those things that are done by them in secret.

13 But all things that are under condemnation are made manifest by The Ohr: for whatever is manifested is manifested by Ohr.

14 Therefore He said, Awake you that sleep and arise from the dead and Moshiach shall give you Ohr.

15 See then that your halacha is detailed and alert, not as fools, but as wise,

16 Taking advantage of the time and opportunity you are given because the yamim are evil.

17 Therefore be not unwise, but understand what the will of YHUH is.

18 And be not drunk with wine, in which there is excess; but be filled with The Ruach;

19 Speaking to yourselves with the Tehillim and shirim of tehilla and spiritual shirim, singing and making melody in your lev to The Master YHUH;

20 Giving hodu always for all things to Abba YHUH in the Name of our Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach;

21 Submit yourselves one to another in the fear of YHUH.

22 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as you would to YAHUSHA-YHUH.

23 For the husband is the head of the isha, even as Moshiach is the Head of the Yisraelite kehilla: and He is the Savior of the gooff.

24 Therefore as the Yisraelite kehilla is subject to Moshiach, so let the wives be to their own husbands in everything.

25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Moshiach also loved the Yisraelite kehilla and gave Himself for it;

26 That He might set it apart and cleanse it with the washing of mayim by The Word,

27 That He might present it to Himself a beautiful Yisraelite kehilla, not having spots, or wrinkles, or any such thing; but that it should be kadosh and without blame.

28 Like this, men should love their wives even as their own bodies. He that loves his isha loves himself.

29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourishes and cherishes it, even as YAHUSHA-YHUH the Yisraelite kehilla:

30 For we are members of His gooff, of His flesh and of His bones.

31 For this cause shall a man leave his abba and eema and shall be joined to his isha and any two shall be basar-echad.

32 This is a great sod: but I speak concerning The Moshiach and the Yisraelite kehilla.

33 However let every one of you as an individual so love his isha even as himself; and the isha see that she respects her husband.

6 Children, obey your parents in The Master: for this is right before YHUH.

2 Honor your abba and eema-which is the first commandment with promise,

3 That it may be well with you and you may live long on the land.

4 Parents, provoke not your children to anger: but bring them up in the Torah and admonitions of The Master.

5 Avadim, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in sincerity of lev, as to Moshiach;

6 Not with eye-service, as hypocrites; but as the avadim of The Moshiach, doing the will of YHUH from the lev;

7 With a tov will doing service for men, as if to YHUH and not to men:

8 Knowing that whatever tov thing any man does, the same shall he receive from YHUH, whether he be an eved, or free.

9 And, you masters, do the same things to them, refrain from threatening them: knowing that your own Master YHUH also is in the shamayim; neither is there any partiality with Him.

10 Finally, my Yisraelite brothers, be strong in YHUH and in The Power of His might.

11 Put on the whole armor of Ahloha, that you may be able to stand against the strategies of s.a.tan.

12 Because we wrestle not against flesh and dahm, but against principalities, against powers, against worldy authorities, against the rulers of the darkness of this olam, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

13 Therefore take up the whole armor of Ahloha, that you may be able to withstand in the evil yom and having done all, to stand, stand even more.

14 Stand therefore, having your loins wrapped around with emet and having on the breastplate of tzedakah;

15 And your feet fitted with the preparation of The Besorah of shalom;

16 Above all, taking the shield of emunah, with which you shall be able to quench all the fiery arrows of the wicked one.

17 And take the helmet of salvation and the sword of The Ruach, which is The Word of YHUH:

18 Making tefillot always with all intercession and supplication in The Ruach and watching in The Ruach with all endurance and petitions for all the Yisraelite kidushim;

19 And for me, that words may be given to me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the sod of The Besorah,

20 For which I am an envoy in prison: that in prison I may speak boldly, as I should speak.

21 But that you also may know my affairs and how I am doing, Tuchikos, a beloved Yisraelite brother and faithful eved in The Master, shall make known to you all things:

22 Whom I have sent to you for the same purpose, that you might know our affairs and that he might comfort your levavot.

23 Shalom be to the Yisraelite brothers and ahava with emunah, from Abba YHUH and The Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach.

24 Unmerited chen be with all those who love our Master YAHUSHA-YHUH Ha Moshiach in sincerity. Ahmein. X


  • 1:5 All believers are adopted into YAH’s family. There is no such thing as the Jews being the real chosen children and non-Jews being merely adopted. All human beings are sinners and all need adoption into YAH’s family, including Jewish-Israel.

  • 1:10 This text alone destroys any form of separate entity theology where Jews have synagogues for Shabbat and Christians have churches for Sunday worship and where YAH’s word is divided into two covenants. Both Jews and Torah-honoring non-Jews, are called to be in one body, as Messiah gathers all His children into one body. That includes all His children in heaven, all the heavenly messengers and all of creation that He came to gather into one. All things scattered are being gathered, which by definition must include Israel’s exiles, from both houses.

  • 1:21 Hebraic understanding of time is non-dispensational. One’s salvation is received in this world, in order to enter the next. Just two periods of time, without man-made dispensations.

  • 2:2 s.a.tan is called the ruler of the air because he controls that atmosphere, but also because unlike redeemed Israel, he will inherit nothing but air.

  • 2:6 All Israel is seated together positionally in the heavens. Therefore, we must seat ourselves on earth as one nation, where all believers are considered the Commonwealth of Israel, no longer divided amongst ourselves under designations such as “Jew” and “gentile.”

  • 2:9 Salvation is by blood atonement and YAH’s acceptance of the blood for our atonement. It has never been by keeping Torah.

  • 2:10 Here is the contrast. Works don’t save us, but YAH’s ordained works known as the full Torah are the ones ordained for they are written, as the way YAH desires for us to walk. Scripture speaks much about the difference between man's works and ordained works that allow us to be His masterpieces.

  • 2:11 Note that these Efraimite believers in Ephesus, were no longer pagans, or nations.

  • 2:11 Not much has changed. Most saved Jews refuse to call Efraimites Israel, but keep referring to them as “saved nations.”

  • 2:12 Before Messiah, non-Jews were considered unclean dogs outside of the nation of Israel.

  • 2:13 “Far off” is a Hebraic idiomatic expression used throughout Scriptures, including in Daniel 9:7 when he made tefillah for both houses. The one in Babylon and the one “far off.” The fact that Paul applies this term to the non-Jewish believers here is solid evidence that he identified these folks as returning Efrayim-Israel.

  • 2:14 In order to make two entities into one commonwealth, those near and those far, there must exist two Yisraelite entities in need of shalom-peace between themselves. Messiah came to bring an end to the civil war between the two houses of Israel that make up the commonwealth, as this Scripture so vividly declares.

  • 2:14 The middle wall is not the Torah, but the man-made partition that the Jews illegally added to the temple repaired in the days of Zerubbabel, separating the outer court into subdivisions, including the man-made court of the nations. This court did not exist in the wilderness tabernacle, or in Solomon's temple and most importantly it does not exist in the actual temple in heaven. This is the earthly partition Messiah came to remove so that all true worshippers entering the temple of YAH would be considered Israel.

  • 2:15 Messiah came to end the enmity, or hatred and enemy status between Israel’s two houses. Nevertheless, some still want to continue in that enmity despite Messiah’s revealed will for all believers to be considered Israel.

  • 2:15 Messiah came to abolish the human dogmas, or doctrines that fueled the enmity between the two houses, such as the partition barrier that established the unlawful court of the nations.

  • 2:15 From the multitudes of the two houses, He took those chosen, from the remnant of Judah and the remnant of Efrayim and has made them into one new man. Notice that the one new man is composed of those from these two prior entities. Like all men, the new man too has a name: Israel.

  • 2:15 See previous footnote for this verse.

  • 2:15 In fulfillment of many promises such as: Isaiah 11:13-14, Ezekiel 37:15-28 and Hosea, chapter one.

  • 2:16 Both houses.

  • 2:16 Renewed Covenant Israel.

  • 2:16 To bring life and restoration between the two houses, Messiah first had to destroy the hatred and enmity, before instituting peace through the one new man, with the name of Israel.

  • 2:17 Efrayim, or non-Jewish-Israel, as per Daniel 9:7, Ezekiel 11:16 and other places.

  • 2:17 Judah, near to home, or near to Jerusalem, the center of YAH’s world.

  • 2:18 Not only are both houses Israel, but both houses share the same Messiah, Spirit and homeland in the land of Israel.

  • 2:19 Non-Jewish believers must see themselves as Scripture declares them to be. Not as strangers, not as foreigners, not as aliens, but as citizens of physical and spiritual Israel and as the set apart ones, making up the renewed congregation of YAH. Until Efraimites see their heritage clearly and receive it by faith in Scripture, the nation will remain divided and in exile.

  • 2:20 All true Yisraelite congregations will feature The Messiah, as well as a foundation in the writings of the Tanach (First Covenant) and the foundational writings of the apostles of the Renewed Covenant.

  • 2:21 Note that Messiah’s first coming started an ongoing process of joining with each other, to be completed at His return and not before by man’s efforts.

  • 2:22 This temple is called the Tabernacle of Dawid, which is being rebuilt, into a home for all Yisraelites and also for YAH through His Spirit. Through the ministry of our Messiah, the Booth of Dawid with all twelve tribes fully represented is being raised up.

  • 3:1 For what cause? The ones outlined in chapter two. To bring the non-Jews in and return them to Israel’s Commonwealth. Paul is going to the far corners of the globe, in all the “far away” places, to bring them into the Commonwealth of Israel.

  • 3:2 He was administering YAH’s unmerited favor for salvation and their return to the nation of Israel.

  • 3:4 The mystery of Messiah regards the nature of His mission, which is the restoration and regathering of both houses of Israel. Paul states, that this insight into the true meaning of the Good News is given, administered and received by revelation alone.

  • 3:5 See the footnote for Ephesians 3:4.

  • 3:6 That’s the crux of the message: The rebuilding and re-gathering of Israel, not the building of a gentile church. But this understanding will come only by The Word of YAH and the illumination of revelation.

  • 3:7 A servant to the nations, to regather the wandering sheep of Israel.

  • 3:9 Paul made tefillah that all men would come to understand the real reason he went to the nations, which was not to meet pagans, but to bring Israel back into brit.

  • 3:9 The Good News is the unveiling of the means and the reasons for Messiah's coming, to rebuild the Tabernacle of Dawid for YAH to inhabit forever. The Creator is Messiah and He came to rebuild His nation and all who desire to be part of it under His leadership.

  • 3:9 Messiah is the Creator.

  • 3:10 In scattering and then re-gathering His people, thereby using Israel as an object lesson to show His future and end-time faithfulness to all created spirits as well.

  • 3:11 The purpose He just outlined in the preceding verses.

  • 3:15 Messiah is the personification of Israel and is called Israel in Hosea 11:1 and Isaiah 49:3. So if Messiah’s Name is prophetically known as Israel, then we His people are the children of Israel and all who belong to Messiah in heaven and on earth, are surely part of the Yisraelite family. Moreover, if Messiah carries the Name of His Father, as well as all of His titles, since they are one, then The Father is also “Father Israel,” or The Father of Israel and we the children of Israel.

  • 4:3 Be eager to guard the truth of the peaceful reunification of our people at all times.

  • 4:4 Both houses have been promised the same hope.

  • 4:6 As far as YAH is concerned, there is only one faith and one people. That is the body of Renewed Covenant Israel, where there are no Jews, or Arameans, or Greeks but all are Israel.

  • 4:8 The righteous in Abraham’s Bosom. See notes on Luke 16.

  • 4:17 Yisraelites cannot imitate and follow the ways of the nations, since Yisraelites are not nations, as we see here in the comparisons between believers and nations. Believers must not walk, or talk like nations, which includes referring to themselves as a so-called “gentile believer.”

  • 4:18 This does not ‑ and cannot ‑ be a description of a believer, who walks in light and revelation. Gentiles are blind and walk in spiritual darkness.

  • 4:25 Unlike religion, where people become members of a denomination, in Israel we become members of each other.

  • 4:26 Anger is a human emotion. But prolonged anger, or inbred anger will destroy from within. Thus, Yisraelites are encouraged to “let it go” before the new day dawns.

  • 4:28 A true Yisraelite can be detected by fruits of repentance.

  • 5:11The behavior not the individual.

  • 5:17 Regarding who you are and how you are to behave as returning Israel.

  • 5:20 Returning Yisraelites are commanded to make tefillah to The Father in Messiah’s Name, never to Messiah directly.

  • 5:21 In Israel, community holds people accountable.

  • 5:31 There’s the pashat, or literal understanding. Any two people becoming one, which according to Torah, can be either in monogamy or plural marriages.

  • 5:32 Mystery? Yes. The pashat/literal understanding is the two persons becoming one. The secret behind the literal is that in Messiah the two individual houses become one. That is the mystery behind the uniting of man and woman. Messiah and Israel become one in the remez, or hint level of understanding. But in the sod, or secret level as Messiah marries Israel, both houses remarry each other, thereby establishing peace. That is also known as “the mystery” of the kingdom.

  • 6:3 Quoting one of the ten words/commandments as further evidence that the Ephesian believers will one day inherit the actual land of Israel, along with Jewish-Israel.

  • 6:12 Geneva Bible.

  • 6:17 He is not describing a Roman soldier for the simple reason that Isaiah, whom Paul is quoting, never saw a Roman soldier. He is quoting Isaiah 59:17. In context with Isaiah 59:16, Messiah is the one being described as YAH’s armor. So in essence, these verses are telling Israel to put on Messiah and His fullness.

  • 6:19 We all need tefillah for boldness, to proclaim the two houses in the face of the darkness of organized religion.